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2) Despite the launch of  PM Ujjwala Yojana, many poor families have not shifted completely to LPG  cooking fuel. Examine.(250 words)

Topic–  Issues relating to development and  management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

2) Despite the launch of  PM Ujjwala Yojana, many poor families have not shifted completely to LPG  cooking fuel. Examine.(250 words)

Economictimes

Reference

Why this question

Indoor pollution is a serious public health problem affecting more severely the health of the womenfolk and the children. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) was launched in this direction but despite financial assistance, many poor families have not switched to the LPG completely. It is important to examine the reasons behind the same.

Directive word

Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deeper into the issue and find out as to what are the reasons/ causes behind several poor families not completely shifting to LPG, as a cooking fuel choice.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few lines about  the PM Ujjwala Yojana and the problem of indoor pollution in India. E.g India is home to more than 24 Crore households out of which about 10 Crore households are still deprived of LPG as cooking fuel and have to rely on firewood, coal, dung – cakes etc. as primary source of cooking. The smoke from burning such fuels causes alarming household pollution and adversely affects the health of Women & children causing several respiratory diseases/ disorders. Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) aims to safeguard the health of women & children by providing them with a clean cooking fuel – LPG.

Body

Discuss in points the reasons behind incomplete adoption of LPG as a cooking fuel.

High cost of LPG which has to be paid upfront and  the poor can’t bear as they don’t have the required amount of saved money; availability of alternate fuels which are much cheaper or free- cow dung, firewood etc; large family size which requires utilization of both LPG stoves as well as traditional chulhas; supply side issues with LPG etc.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.