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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 22 AUGUST 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 2


Topic–  Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

1) India should carefully weigh the pros and cons of exiting the RCEP. Discuss. (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Reference

Livemint

Economictimes

Why this question

This is an old topic and has been sufficiently covered in previous questions. However, there have been calls for India to urgently make the decision of joining the RCEP at earnest or later. This warrants a revisit of the issue and a discussion on the pros and cons of joining RCEP.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the pros and cons of India joining RCEP.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the negotiating members of RCEP- 10 Asean countries and their six FTA partners, namely Australia, China, India, Japan, Korea and New Zealand. Mention the urgency to decide on RCEP and mention that from India’s point of view, the RCEP presents a decisive platform which could influence its strategic and economic status in the Asia-Pacific region.

Body-

  • Discuss the pros of joining RCEP. e.g More access to ASEAN markets, In addition to facilitating foreign direct investment, the RCEP will create opportunities for Indian companies to access new markets. This is because the structure of manufacturing in many of these countries is becoming more and more sophisticated, resulting in a “servicification” of manufacturing, it would complement India’s existing free trade agreements with the ASEAN and some of its member countries. It can address challenges emanating from implementation concerns vis-à-vis overlapping agreements, which is creating a “noodle bowl” situation obstructing effective utilization of these FTAs; would help India streamline the rules and regulations of doing trade, which will reduce trade costs; RCEP will facilitate India’s integration into sophisticated “regional production networks”.
  • Discuss the cons. E.g more access to China especially will hurt domestic industry and make in India programme, proper standards and processes are not in place in India restricting India’s capacity to prevent imports of inferior quality; India’s exports to RCEP account for about 15% of its total exports and imports from RCEP comprise 35% of total imports. India’s trade deficit with RCEP has risen from $9 billion in FY05 to $83 billion in FY17, of which China alone accounts for over 60% of the deficit;  more developed RCEP countries such as Australia and Singapore have been unwilling to accommodate India’s demands to liberalise their services regime and allow freer mobility of Indian workers etc.

Conclusion- Bring out the need to exercise due attention and care in concluding the RCEP and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue.


Topic- Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.

2) Any tangible achievement of a Swachh Bharat is possible only if the stigmas attached to sanitary labour are critically addressed.  Comment.(250 words) 

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Swachh Bharat is an important scheme of GoI to improve the hygiene and public health in India. The scheme has noble objectives but its implementation raises the concerns of the sanitation workers and their working conditions which in turn affects the efficacy of the programme.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the Swachh Bharat mission and probe how its success can be ensured only when stigmas attached to sanitary labour are addressed. Here we have to bring out the concerns of the labour and how it affects the Swachh Bharat mission.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines about SBM and its vision- to achieve a clean and Open Defecation Free (ODF) India by 2nd October, 2019. Mention the objectives of- motivating communities to adopt sustainable sanitation practices and facilities through awareness creation and health education, and to create significant positive impact on gender and promote social inclusion by improving sanitation especially in marginalized communities.

Body-

Mention that municipalities employ contractual labourers for SBM— mostly scavengers forced into the profession by their caste — to remove waste; The SB campaign burdens the contractual labourer with an ‘exclusive’ right to cleaning public spaces, while making it a voluntary act for the ‘public’ to not defecate, urinate or litter in random spaces; this reinforces the marginalization and stigmatization of such labourers; The Swachh Bharat campaign hardly addresses a reworking of the underground sewerage system due to which many such labourers have died recently while cleaning jammed manholes that open into the sewerage system etc.

Conclusion- bring out the need for  caste-neutralising these professions and adoption of technologies and adequate safety measures in order to make SBM successful not only for the most of India but also for the sanitation workers whose efforts and toil go largely unnoticed.

 


Topicchanges in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

3) Among the various factors that contributed to Kerala floods, dam (mis)management has had a major role to play. Examine.(250 words)

Livemint

Why this question

The article discusses the various reasons for the severity of Kerala floods and the role that dam mismanagement played in accentuating the crisis in Kerala. Understanding the issues related to dam management in Kerala can be extrapolated to other states. The question is thus important for geography section of Paper 1.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to underline in brief the various causes why floods in Kerala were so severe. Thereafter we need to delve deeper into the issue of dam management, the lacunae in our policy, suggestions made by several committees and the way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – emphasize on the severity of rainfall battering Kerala State.

Body – Explain in brief the various factors that enhanced the severity of floods in Kerala. Explain the issue of dam mismanagement in detail, the associated reasons that it happens etc. Explain the view of several committees formed which held that mindless construction of dams leads to several issues like earthquakes etc.

Conclusion – Summarize the lacunae in our policy and discuss the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Disaster and disaster management.

4) Given the startling forecasts about the impact of climate change, it is the need of the hour to educate and equip both rural and urban communities to build resilience against natural disasters. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Climate change is a global and a vital issue having implications for all the communities and all the ecosystems. Given its potentially drastic and dangerous consequences it is important to educate people about the issue and also to build their resilience against natural disasters whose frequency is only going to increase in the coming years.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the forecasts for climate change and its potential hazards. We have to bring out the need to educate and equip both rural and urban communities to build resilience against natural disasters. We also have to briefly discuss the strategy to do so.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about climate change and the temperature forecasts for the century, vulnerability of all societies and ecosystems, especially those inhabited by the poor  to the disastrous effects of climate change.

Body-

  • Discuss the forecasts for climate change. E.g The UN Sustainable Goals Report, 2018 notes that climate change is among the key factors in rising hunger and human displacement. The World Health Organisation estimates that climate change will cause an additional 250,000 deaths per year between 2030 and 2050, due to malnutrition, malaria, diarrhoea and heat stress. Undoubtedly, much of this loss will be accounted for by low-income groups in developing nations, including India. The World Bank projects that climate change could cost India 2.8% of its GDP, and diminish living standards for nearly half the country’s population, in the next 30-odd years etc
  • Bring out the need to educate people about the possible implications and involve and equip them in building resilience against disasters. Mention the limited capacity of the government in tackling the climate change.
  • Discuss how to build resilience against disasters. E.g compulsory environmental education to all students in schools and colleges; Corporate organisations, research and education institutes, NGOs and foundations have committed themselves to educating people about climate change and providing the know-how for mitigation, adaptation and resilience building. Both these initiatives have already been taken and have proven insufficient. Discuss what more can be done. E.g need to incorporate climate change to be articulated and specified as an activity for CSR, rather than be implied in the umbrella term of environmental sustainability; Scaling up current initiatives of the corporate and social sectors to regional or national levels etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


TopicIndian Polity : Issues

5) Critically Examine whether the provisions of Aadhar Act and its implementation finds itself at odds with the draft Data protection Bill put forward by SriKrishna Committee? (250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The passage of an year of the SC judgment guaranteeing right to privacy as a fundamental right, Srikrishna committee recommendations and the draft Bill as well as Aadhar Act and its associated impact on privacy are all very important topic for mains. The article in the link discusses all three and hence is important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the key  provisions of the Srikrishna committee in a nutshell, and then examine whether the provisions of Aadhar Act are in contravention to the principles and the provisions enshrined in the draft Bill. The associated impact on right to privacy is also to be discussed. In such type of questions it is always good to end with a way forward.

Directive word

Critically Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the constitutional position of Right to Privacy along with juxtaposing it with the debate surrounding Aadhar Act. Mention that the government had constituted an expert committee under BN Srikrishna which has recently submitted a draft Bill.

Body –

  • Explain what the key provisions and principles enshrined in the Bill are such as establishing a trust based relation between data fiduciary and data principal, new definition and standards for personal and sensitive personal data, focus on consent etc.
  • Explain how the provisions of Aadhar Act contravene the draft Bill proposed by SriKrishna committee such as the the fact that based on government executive notification, UIDAI would have the authority to collect, store or process biometric information, the lack of data protection standards etc
  • Give reasons why Aadhar Act does not contravene the provisions of the Act. Cite the provisions of the Bill where exemptions are given for the government and law enforcement as opposed to treating the state as a model data controller or fiduciary, the public good served etc

Conlusion – Give a fair and balanced view on the question asked and suggest way forward.


Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Elements of atmosphere – Temperature, Pressure and Humidity”

6) Explain the geographical phenomena that leads to the formation of clouds?(250 words).

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain the mechanism of cloud formation and the role that temperature, pressure and humidity play in the formation of clouds.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that temperature, pressure, condensation nuclei and RH has a key role to play in cloud formation

Body – Explain the role that these elements play in cloud formation. Explaining through illustrations would help you to convey more in lesser words. Mention that cloud results when a block of air (called a parcel) containing water vapor has cooled below the point of saturation. Explain the process of cloud formation and how droplets combine to form even bigger clouds.


General Studies – 4


TopicInformation sharing and transparency in government, Right to Information, Codes of Ethics, Codes of Conduct, Citizen’s Charters, Work culture, Quality of service delivery, Utilization of public funds, challenges of corruption.

7) Discuss the difference between the code of ethics and the code of conduct.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Both of these are important concept which share some similarities and several differences which need to be discussed upon.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to simply bring out in detail the differences between the Code of Ethics and the Code of Conduct.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Mention that both  Code of Ethics and Code of Conduct are similar as they are used in an attempt to encourage specific forms of behaviour by employees. However, the two have several differences between them.

Body-

Discuss the differences between the two. E.g define both the terms in order to clarify their meaning.

An aspirational document, issued by the higher level management/ board of directors containing core ethical values, principles and ideals of the organization is Code of Ethics while as a directional document containing specific practices and behavior, that are followed or restricted under the organization is Code of Conduct; the former is general and wide in nature while as the later is specific and narrow in range; COE governs decision making while as COC governs actions;  Code of Conduct are originated from the code of ethics, and it converts the rules into specific guidelines, that must be followed by the members of the organisation;COE is focussed on values and principles while as COC is focussed on compliance and rules etc.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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