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3) Among the various factors that contributed to Kerala floods, dam (mis)management has had a major role to play. Examine.(250 words)

Topicchanges in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.

3) Among the various factors that contributed to Kerala floods, dam (mis)management has had a major role to play. Examine.(250 words)

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Why this question

The article discusses the various reasons for the severity of Kerala floods and the role that dam mismanagement played in accentuating the crisis in Kerala. Understanding the issues related to dam management in Kerala can be extrapolated to other states. The question is thus important for geography section of Paper 1.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to underline in brief the various causes why floods in Kerala were so severe. Thereafter we need to delve deeper into the issue of dam management, the lacunae in our policy, suggestions made by several committees and the way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – emphasize on the severity of rainfall battering Kerala State.

Body – Explain in brief the various factors that enhanced the severity of floods in Kerala. Explain the issue of dam mismanagement in detail, the associated reasons that it happens etc. Explain the view of several committees formed which held that mindless construction of dams leads to several issues like earthquakes etc.

Conclusion – Summarize the lacunae in our policy and discuss the way forward.