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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 21 AUGUST 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic– Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.

1) There are a lot of similarities, as well as significant differences between the  Hindustani and the Carnatic music? Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the similarities between Hindustani music and the Carnatic music as well as the key differences between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention that the two main traditions of Indian classical music are Carnatic music, which is found predominantly in the peninsular regions, and Hindustani music, which is found in the northern, eastern and central regions.

Body-

  • Discuss the similarities between the two. E.g Both the styles have a history dating back to 1000s of years and over this long period both have undergone various changes;  Both the music forms use the Taanpura to maintain Shruthi and are hence termed as monophonic. The Ragas pertain to definite scales like in Western music, but they have a floating starting point or Sam etc.
  • Discuss the differences. E.g Indian classical music has its origins from Sama Veda/Rigveda which consists of hymns sung in Musical form. In the 12th Century this music underwent a Persian influence which lasted through the Medieval period spanning over 700-800 years. The resultant was Hindustani music. Carnatic music remained unaltered and remained the same right from the ancient times. References to Carnatic music exists in Natya Shastra (Bharatanatyam). The Carnatic music that is seen today is largely based on the original treatises; Carnatic is more rigid than Hindustani to practise. While Hindustani music has had a Persian influence in the vast Northern Geography of India, Carnatic music did not undergo much change. Hindustani music ended up creating Gharanas/Clubs based on styles of singing. However, Carnatic form of music is largely the same everywhere; While the Tabla is used in Hindustani, the Mridangam is more widely used in Carnatic. The Veena in Carnatic transforms to the Sitar in Hindustani. The Hindusthani Sarangi, Santoor and Clarinet becomes the Violin or the Mandolin in Carnatic.

Conclusionsum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic–  Parliament and State Legislatures – structure, functioning, conduct of business, powers & privileges and issues arising out of these.

2) Critically analyze the idea of holding simultaneous elections to the Lok Sabha and the State Assemblies in India. (250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Although the issue has been in news for a long time and has been sufficiently discussed in earlier questions, in the wake of increased voices in favour of simultaneous polls, and also that the law commission has recently submitted its report,  it is necessary to revisit the issue and deliberate upon it.

Directive word

Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question. Based on our discussion we have to form our opinion on the  overall issue.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deep into the idea of holding simultaneous elections in India and bring out the positive aspects as well as negative aspects of it. We also have to discuss the legal and technical/ logistical feasibility of such an exercise. Based on our discussion we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about simultaneous elections in India- e.g simultaneous elections were held upto 1967 and the present discussion does not include the third tier of government.

Body

  • Discuss the positive points of holding simultaneous elections for lok sabha and state assemblies. E.g less expenditure on elections- more time for focussing on development issues; lessening of political appeasement as well as aggression etc.
  • Discuss the negative implications. E.g link of elections with pace of development, social welfare measures especially for the poor, mixing of national and local issues, promoting efficiency over democracy etc.
  • Discuss what needs to be done in this regard- technically/ logistically as well as legally. Discuss the changes that need to be made in the law and mention the need for increased number of EVMs and VVPATs etc.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 


Topic- India and its neighborhood- relations.

3) Given concerns over increasing Indian influence, our foreign policy must exercise caution in dealing with Bhutan. Critically examine.(250 words) 

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

Bhutan is a small but an important neighbour of India. The two nations share close historical ties which have only strengthened with time. However, there are several issues involved in India-Bhutan relationship, which need to be discussed.

Directive word

Examine- Here we have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. Based on our discussion we have to form our opinion on the issue.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss why there is a need to exercise caution in our foreign policy while dealing with Bhutan- what are the issues involved which demand so. We also have to discuss the implications of a unrestrained and uncalled for  intervention in Bhutan. Based on our discussion, we have to form a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention that the basic framework of India- Bhutan bilateral relations is the Treaty of Friendship and Cooperation signed in 1949 between the two countries, revised in February 2007.The India-Bhutan Friendship Treaty not only reflects the contemporary nature of our relationship but also lays the foundation for their future development in the 21st century.

Body

  • Discuss why there is need to exercise caution in our foreign policy given the increased concerns related to Indian influence in Bhutan. E.g mention Doklam crisis, incidences of indian presence being mistakenly represented as Indian encroachment, HP projects and their debt etc. All of these have the potential to deteriorate the relationship between the two countries and push Bhutan into the lap of China etc.
  • Mention that there are a number of institutional mechanisms between India and Bhutan in areas such as security, border management, trade, transit, economic, hydro-power, development cooperation, water resources. Mention India’s aid to Bhutan in the form of giving money for budget, scholarship programme, road building etc. Mention why there is a need to portray this cooperation and aid aloof from the concerns of India influencing Bhutan’s domestic polity.

Conclusion- Bring out the need for enhanced cooperation and a positive relationship built on mutual confidence and respect for sovereignty. Write a few lines as to how India should proceed in this regard


Topic– mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

4) Laws such as Bombay Prevention of Begging Act that criminalize people on account of their poverty or vulnerability needs to go. Examine with special emphasis on the rights of transgender persons.(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

Delhi HC has recently decided that the aforementioned Act is unconstitutional. The article discusses the reasons for the same and examines the impact that the Act had on vulnerable sections with special emphasis on the transgender population. The article also discusses other such discriminatory laws which accord special powers often misutilized. Court judgements such as these are usually important from the point of view of mains, and thus needs to be prepared.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss the reasons for declaring the Act unconstitutional and how the Act was discriminatory for vulnerable sections. Furthermore, we are expected to bring out other such laws which discriminate against people based on poverty or other such vulnerability and why they need to go.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Discuss the recent Delhi HC judgment on Bombay Prevention of Begging Act.

Body

  • Discuss the provisions of Bombay Prevention of Begging Act and why was it discriminatory for the vulnerable sections.
  • Explain the reasons given for declaring the said Act unconstitutional.
  • Discuss the other laws such as the ones mentioned in the article which are equally discriminatory for transgender population, which remains there in the statute despite court’s judgement in Naz foundation case. Highlight the historical basis of such laws and the social, constitutional etc implications of such laws

Conclusion – Summarize your answer and emphasize why such laws are anachronistic and need to be reviewed.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Indian Agriculture – Issues

5) Discuss the significance of NABARD’S All India Rural financial inclusion survey and examine what it tells us about the dream of doubling farmer’s income by 2022?(250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

NAFIS survey provides very important insights into farmers income levels and considering the importance accorded to doubling farmers income, is quite important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to discuss why NAFIS survey is significant, the insights it offers us into the levels of farmers income in the country. In the second part of the question, we need to analyze the findings and discuss whether achieving the dream of doubling farmer’s income by 2022 is possible, and ways to achieve it.

Directive word

Discuss – here the significance of the survey and the key findings of the survey are to be mentioned.

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what the survey is and what it does. Mention that it combines the strengths of the NSSO’s Situation Assessment Survey (SAS) and RBI’s All India Debt and Investment Survey.

Body

  • Explain the significance of the survey in terms of what it is trying to achieve and the gap it fills. Also mention why a survey on farmer’s income is critical
  • Discuss the methodology and key findings of the survey –
    • NAFIS estimates that an average Indian farming household earned Rs 8,931/month (Rs 1,07,172/year) in agriculture year 2015-16. This is up from Rs 2,115 earned in 2002-03 as per the NSSO’s SAS, implying a compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of about 12 per cent in nominal terms and 3.7 per cent in real terms (2015-16 base) in 13 years. Mention the caveats
    • The survey also estimates income of non-agri rural HH at Rs 7,269/month, more than half of which comes from working as wage labourers.
    • The pie of where the income is coming from
  • Examine in light of Dalwai committee recommendations, what the survey tells us about our dream of doubling farmer’s income. Discuss the recommendations of Dalwai Committee in light of data got from the survey, how the dream can be achieved

Conclusion – Give your view on what can be drawn from the survey and the way forward for doubling farmer’s income by 2022.

 


TopicPart of static series under the heading – “Basics of Atmosphere”

6) Explain the division of the atmosphere into layers based on temperature classification and how each layer is significant for us? (250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain how the regions of the atmosphere are divided on the basis of temperature , the explanation of each layer along with the reasons how they are significant for us.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that as per the temperature classification, atmosphere can be divided into troposphere, the stratosphere, the mesosphere and the thermosphere.

Body – Note that you should draw a diagram in this question which will help you save up on words as well as provide an opportunity to cram in more facts and details. Explain the above layers and how they are significant for us. For instance, flights fly in tropopause to evade turbulence, the significance of ionosphere for radio communication etc.

 


General Studies – 4


Topic – Determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions

7) Evaluate whether the economic theory of consumerism is ill suited for the human race?(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

Off late, we have seen that the world is suffering from a multitude of problems ranging from environmental degradation to racial tensions to social inequality. The article discusses the links between a materialistic outlook and these issues.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what consumerism is and highlight the implications of blindly adopting such an outlook. We need to discuss the views of important scholars who have highlighted the perils of excessive materialism and give our opinion on consumerism and its impacts.

Directive word

Evaluate – When you are asked to evaluate, you have to pass a sound judgement about the truth of the given statement in the question or the topic based on evidences.  You have to appraise the worth of the statement in question. There is scope for forming a personal opinion here.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what consumerism is and how it differs from capitalism.

Body – Discuss the social (lack of empathy, inequality), economic(positive impact of consumerism as it is the driver of business), political (colonization etc), cultural (how it has affected music, art), environmental and ethical impact of consumerism. Highlight the view of thinkers such as Gandhi who have held strong views against consumerism.

Conclusion – Give your opinion on the impacts of consumerism and the nature of change (if you think there should be) that is required in our mindset.


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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