Topic– Indian culture will cover the salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1) There are a lot of similarities, as well as significant differences between the Hindustani and the Carnatic music? Discuss.(250 words)
Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the similarities between Hindustani music and the Carnatic music as well as the key differences between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Mention that the two main traditions of Indian classical music are Carnatic music, which is found predominantly in the peninsular regions, and Hindustani music, which is found in the northern, eastern and central regions.
- Discuss the similarities between the two. E.g Both the styles have a history dating back to 1000s of years and over this long period both have undergone various changes; Both the music forms use the Taanpura to maintain Shruthi and are hence termed as monophonic. The Ragas pertain to definite scales like in Western music, but they have a floating starting point or Sam etc.
- Discuss the differences. E.g Indian classical music has its origins from Sama Veda/Rigveda which consists of hymns sung in Musical form. In the 12th Century this music underwent a Persian influence which lasted through the Medieval period spanning over 700-800 years. The resultant was Hindustani music. Carnatic music remained unaltered and remained the same right from the ancient times. References to Carnatic music exists in Natya Shastra (Bharatanatyam). The Carnatic music that is seen today is largely based on the original treatises; Carnatic is more rigid than Hindustani to practise. While Hindustani music has had a Persian influence in the vast Northern Geography of India, Carnatic music did not undergo much change. Hindustani music ended up creating Gharanas/Clubs based on styles of singing. However, Carnatic form of music is largely the same everywhere; While the Tabla is used in Hindustani, the Mridangam is more widely used in Carnatic. The Veena in Carnatic transforms to the Sitar in Hindustani. The Hindusthani Sarangi, Santoor and Clarinet becomes the Violin or the Mandolin in Carnatic.
Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.