Topic-Important aspects of governance, transparency and accountability, e-governance- applications, models, successes, limitations, and potential; citizens charters, transparency & accountability and institutional and other measures.
2) Analyze some of the significant changes in India’s polity witnessed in recent years, which characterise the nature of democracy in today’s India.(250 words)
Why this question
The question seeks to analyze India’s nature of democracy as it stands today. Thus it is an important question in itself as well as for the UPSC exam.
Here we have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts, and present them as a whole in a summary.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to delve deep into the nature of Indian democracy in the present and link it with some significant political changes witnessed in the past few years. Here we have to remain least biased and bring out the objective aspects of the changes and the nature.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about the foundation of Indian democracy and its evolution since independence.
- Discuss the recent significant changes witnessed in Indian polity in recent years.E.g a strong mandate at centre after a long period; NOTA option in EVMS; RTI act; caste inclusion and rising role of business persons in India’s polity etc..
- Discuss how each of them brings out the character of Indian democracy- India’s democracy has long coexisted with several authoritarian strains, albeit in ways that have shifted in balance across time. These, among others, include a hierarchical style of leadership based on cults of personality, heredity among the ruling class, limits on dissent, and the militarisation of everyday life etc.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.