Topic – Part of static series under the heading – “Tsunami”
6) How are tsunamis caused and highlight the areas which are prone to tsunami? Discuss the working of tsunami early warning system? (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question has three parts which need answering. First of all we need to explain what causes tsunamis, the areas where tsunamis are more likely based on the geographical features which cause tsunami. Finally, we need to discuss the different kinds of tsunami early warning systems and their working.
Discuss – In your discussion, the explanation to the various parts asked in the question is to be written.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what tsunamis are
Body – Discuss how tsunamis are caused. Examine what physical features are more likely to cause tsunami and mention the areas of the world where the likelihood of tsunami is more. The areas most prone to tsunamis are coastal areas that are near earthquake-prone regions or near areas of undersea volcanoes and face the open ocean. Thus, the coast of Japan, south-east Asia and coastal parts of south-east India and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands are prone to tsunamis, also Ring of fire in the pacific. Finally, mention the different kinds of tsunami early warning systems such as buoys floating in the ocean, through remote sensing satellites. Explain it as well.