Topic – Disaster and disaster management
5) Discuss the reasons why Kerala is experiencing unprecedented flooding? Also, highlight how can we enhance our preparedness for such events?(250 words)
Why this question
Kerala is suffering from the worst flood the state has experienced in past 100 years. The loss to life and property is immense. We need to understand the reasons why Kerala is facing a situation of such unprecedented havoc, and the ways in which we can enhance our preparedness for such extreme weather events.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to bring out the various reasons why the situation in Kerala is so bad. Also we need to bring out the reforms needed in our disaster management efforts to help us better deal with such extreme weather events.
Discuss – here your discussion should focus on bringing out the main reasons for such unprecedented disaster in that state.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the situation in Kerala as on date.
Body – Explain the various reasons behind the floods in Kerala – incessant rains, lesser dry spells in between, injudicious land utilisation, non implementation of Gadgil committee recommendations on Western Ghats etc. Highlight the reforms required to help is deal with such disasters effectively. You can discuss the recommendation of 2nd ARC committee with respect to reforms in the area of disaster management.
Conclusion – Highlight that with climate change, such extreme weather events are going to become a norm rather than exception and highlight the way forward.