Topic– Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes
5)Discuss the sections of SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Amendment Bill that has been under intense scrutiny in recent days? Examine whether the government by introducing a amendment Bill has sought to nullify the court verdict on SC/ST Act?(250 words)
Why this question
The article discusses the legal provisions of the amendment Bill, which have been the source of intense debate over the past few months. Details about the legal provisions of the Bill which has caused so much scrutiny has been asked in UPSC before, and can be asked in the future again.
Key demand of the question
The question expects you to discuss in detail the sections of the law which are the source of controversy We need to compare and contrast the amended Bill with SC verdict and give our opinion on whether it is a reversal of the verdict in certain ways, or is the need of the hour , or as a response to Dalit protests.
Discuss – We need to explain the controversial sections of the Bill along with the section no etc.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain why SC/ST act was brought into force, and briefly highlight the plight of SC/STs.
- Explain the controversial provisions of the Bill – lifted restriction on powers of police (Section 18A) under CrPC, read down the anticipatory Bail provision, Section 42 etc
- Examine the merit of these changes proposed
- Compare and contrast it with SC verdict which said the opposite. Explain the rationale behind its decision
- Examine the rationale behind the amendments proposed by the government including the massive protests by Dalits.
Conclusion – Give your view on the reason why the amendment is being brought along with suggestions for way forward.