Topic– Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) The DNA Technology (Use and Application) Regulation Bill, 2018 is right in intent but bereft of safeguards, can be misutilized. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The introduction of DNA Bill in Parliament reignites the debate over storing DNA data, the regulatory provisions regarding protection of that data, effectiveness in solving crime etc. The article discusses these issues and will be useful in preparing this Bill.
Critically Analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to analyze the Bill and discuss the effectiveness of these provisions in solving crimes, data privacy concerns raised, the nature of regulatory structure, its impact in privacy etc. The question expects us to form a fair and balanced view on the provisions of this Bill and suggest changes if any.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what the Bill is all about
- Discuss the key provisions of the Bill
- Examine the pros and cons of the Bill. Pros being it will help in crime investigation, establishing parentage, India will follow into the footsteps of several countries who have such an architecture in place. Discuss the cons such as privacy issues, unreliable data, limitations of the technology learnt from the experiences of other country, a simplistic regulatory architecture etc
- Examine the views of various committees with respect to utilizing DNA data – AP Shah committee, 271st report of LCI, Malimath committee report etc
Conclusion – Give your view on the Bill and suggest changes if required such as the need for a layered check mechanism in place of a single check mechanism.