7) There is a need to move from the traditional hierarchical exercise of power by the government to the new notion of a “dispersed and relational power in governance. In the light of the above statement, discuss the difference between governance and government. (250 words)

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Topic-  Probity in Governance: Concept of public service; Philosophical basis of governance and probity.

7) There is a need to move from the traditional hierarchical exercise of power by the government to the new notion of a “dispersed and relational power in governance. In the light of the above statement, discuss the difference between governance and government. (250 words)

Reference

Why this question

Governance and the government are two interrelated concepts but have a significant difference between the two, which needs to be discussed upon.

Directive word

Discuss-This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the difference between government and governance and discuss why governance based systems are better than government based systems.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- define and write a few lines about the term governance. E.g The word “governance” came from the Latin verb “gubernare,” or more originally from the Greek word “kubernaein,” which means “to steer.” Basing on its etymology, governance refers to the manner of steering or governing, or of directing and controlling, a group of people or a state.

Body-

Differentiate between government and governance and bring out e\why the later is better than the former. E.g the meaning of governance  includes, not just government actors, but also civil-society actors.Today, governance includes three sectors: the public sector (state actors and institutions), the private sector (households and companies), and the civil society (non-governmental organizations). These three sectors are said to work hand in hand in the process of governance. This new use of the term focuses on the role of “networks” in the achievement of the common good, whether these networks are intergovernmental, transnational, or international. ;  government is associated with “control and domination,” and governance with “decentralization and relational management.” On the one hand, government refers to a central institution which wields power over its subjects. It is the instrument patterned after the model of “command and control,” the government being in command over the affairs of the people. On the other hand, governance is closely associated with the concept of decentralization of power and the need for inter-sectoral management. Governance is based on the realization that the government cannot do everything for the people, so that in order to survive the state should not only rely on government but also on the other sectors of the society etc.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.