Topic – Infrastructure: Railways
6) Indian Railways has often been called out for its lack of modernization. Consequently, modernization of Indian Railways is a priority area for the government. Discuss the roadmap for modernization and examine issues as highlighted by CAG?(250 words)
Why this question
CAG observation on modernization of railways had brought the focus back on this key priority area of government as highlighted in the Budget. This means that we need to prepare notes on the plan for modernization and the issues in implementation to tackle questions of this nature.
Discuss – The modernization plan has to be explained, the issues involved to be brought out along with way forward.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight why modernization of railways is a priority.
Body – Discuss the plan for modernization – explain the focus areas and the reasons why it is a focus area, discuss steps such as modernization of coaches, increase in speed, better facilities as well as amenities etc. Discuss the observations made by CAG – that the focus of CAG is mainly on improving the facade and passenger facilities, rather that removing bottlenecks to ensure timely movement of trains. Bring out the other areas where CAG has suggested an improvement.
Conclusion – Examine whether CAG report on modernization of railways, if paid heed to, would help in improving the status of Indian railways. Give way forward.