Topic- Contributions of moral thinkers and philosophers from India and world.
6) Values play a central role in the ancient philosophy of India. Discuss. (250 words)
Why this question
Indian philosophies is one of the oldest philosophies in the world with certain peculiar traits and lines of thought. Indian philosophy has a lot to share with the western and eastern philosophies but also differs from them in certain key respects.
Key demand of the question.
The question simply wants us to dig deep into the Indian philosophy and write in detail about the role and importance of values in Indian philosophy.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– briefly discuss Indian philosophies roots in vedas and their link with morality.
- Discuss main schools of Indian Philosophy and differentiate between orthodox and heterodox schools of thought.
- Discuss the similarities of Indian philosophies and their stress on linking philosophy with practice. E.g Indian ethics is based on Purusarthas i.e. ultimate goal of life. The Indian conception of values- viz the four connote as the goals of human life to be achieved through activities or practice, Indian philosophy is mainly axiological and additionally, cosmological and epistemological etc.
Conclusion– present a balanced and fair conclusion on the key demand of the question.