Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 AUGUST 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 06 AUGUST 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic – Indian Art and Culture

1) Discuss the evolution of rock cut architecture in India? Examine why cave no 16 of Ellora Caves is considered as the epitome of rock cut architecture in India?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Rock cut architecture forms an important part of architectural history of India and is an important topic in art and culture section of GS1.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain in brief the various stages of rock cut architecture in India with special emphasis on Kailasa temple of Ellora.

Directive word

Discuss – In your discussion, the various stages of rock cut architecture, their religious (or otherwise) significance, evolution of their design, purpose for which they were used etc are to be mentioned.

Examine – In this part, you have to discuss why Kailasa temple of Ellora is considered as one of the greatest specimen of rock cut architecture in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that rock cut architecture occupies a very important place in the history of Indian Architecture. The rock-cut architecture differs from traditional buildings in many ways. The rock-cut art is more similar to sculpture than architecture as structures were produced by cutting out solid rocks

Body – Discuss the evolution of rock cut architecture from early caves like Bhimbetka, Mauryan era rock cut architecture such as Barabar caves. Emphasize on the fact that during Mauryan rule such caves spoke  volumes of the policy of religious tolerance undertaken by emperors who were otherwise Buddhists. Discuss about the cave temples, chaityas and viharas such as those found in Ajanta and Ellora. Discuss the dynasties under which they flourished and how they evolved over time, especially in the case of temple architecture where rock cut architecture formed the first stage of temple construction in both Dravida and Nagara style of temple building.

Examine the reason why Kailasa temple is considered as the epitome of rock cut architecture. Mention that it was constructed during Rashtrakuta period and examine architectural brilliance of the cave no 16. Kailash temple shaped as a chariot is regarded as one of the most magnificent cave temples in India. Construction of this megalith is attributed to the 8th century king Krishna I of the Rashtrakuta dynasty in 756-773 CE. Dedicated to Lord Shiva, the temple showcases fine architectural works including relief panels depicting the two main Hindu Epics namely the Ramayana and the Mahabharata. Pallava and Chalukya styles of architecture are noticed in this cave temple which is decorated with carved sculptures including that of gods and goddesses from the Hindu Puranas, mystical beings such as divine musicians and nymphs and figures depicting fertility and good fortune.

Conclusion – Mention that these caves form a rich part of our cultural heritage and provides an insight into the architectural brilliance of the era gone by.


Topic – Salient features of Indian Society

2) Elderly women are the worst sufferers of nuclearization of Indian families. Examine.(250 words)

Hindustantimes

Reference

Why this question

The question tries to analyze the impact of nuclearization of families on status of elderly women and the nature of problems they face.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain the status of elderly particularly women in India. Thereafter, we need to explain the reason why their status is so. Discuss the steps taken for improving their status and the impact of such steps. We need to finally provide a way forward.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what is meant by nuclearization of families.

Body

  • Discuss the status of elderly in India particularly – elderly women – projected that the proportion of Indians aged 60 and older will rise from 7.5% in 2010 to 11.1% in 2025, much higher dependency ratio among females as opposed to males etc
  • Discuss why elderly women face issues – lack of geriatric care infrastructure, changing family structure and its impact, lack of social support, social inequality, availability, adequate mess and affordability of health care etc
  • Discuss what steps has the government taken to address this and what more can be done

Conclusion – Explain why is it necessary to focus on this section of the population and give suggestions for way forward.

 


General Studies – 2


Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Ideals of the Constitution achieved since Independence”

3) Preamble contains the aims and aspirations of the constitution. Explain what those aims are? Discuss whether the ideal of secularism has undergone a change since independence? (250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain in depth the aims and aspirations contained in the preamble. Special focus is on understanding secularism, as envisaged by our founding fathers, changes brought by 42nd CAA, and the status of India at present wrt secularism.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that preamble based largely on objective resolutions contain the key to opening the mind of constitution makers, contains the ideals that the constitution wants us to achieve.

Body – Explain in detail the meaning of each of the ideal listed in Preamble. Explain secularism in greater depth. Describe the nature of secularism in India. Explain that secularism was introduced in the Preamble by 42nd CAA. It is however, immaterial as the provisions of the constitution, particularly Article 27 describes the nature of Indian secularism. Mention the controversies associated with secularism – the debate wrt amending the preamble to include secularism, the present social situation in India and how we stand wrt secularism. Mention that the provisions of constitution particularly Part III guarantees right to religion to each individual, community etc.

Conclusion – Mention that while there may be conflicts on surface, the nature of secularism will be determined by the provisions of constitution, protected by the Supreme Court courtesy Article 32.

 


 

Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests

4) BRICS has two baskets of issues: one is intra-BRICS Cooperation and the other is Global Governance. There has been considerable work done on the former, not so much on the latter. Critically analyze in context of the recent Johannesburg Summit of BRICS?(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Too many developments are taking place in international relations, such as trade wars, weakening of NATO, JCPOA issue etc impacting all major powers of the world. It is upto BRICS to fulfill its potential as an alternative to West dominated discourse and institutions. At the same time, there are also issues amongst the members of BRICS over contentious topics like terrorism etc. Examining these dynamics within BRICS is critical while preparing this topic for GS2 mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first explain in detail the two basket of issues described above – intra BRICS and inter BRICS. Next we need to explain how BRICS is responding to these issues. Thereafter we need to examine the statement mentioned in the question that BRICS is focussing more on intra BRICS cooperation rather than on issues of global governance. Our fair and balanced opinion on this is solicited at the end.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that the recently concluded 10th BRICS summit has taken place at an important conjuncture in history with events such as Russian outreach by USA, trade antagonism between China and USA, USA’s sidelining of NATO etc. Mention that these events have significance both for inter BRICS cooperation and global governance.

Body

  • Discuss the issues confronting BRICS – the dynamics of India China Russia relationship, economic cooperation among BRICS, confronting the common challenge of terrorism, job creation, renewable energy etc. Discuss that BRICS is seen as institution that would take forward the issues of developing world.
  • Examine actions taken by BRICS for enhancing intra BRICS cooperation as well as the steps taken by BRICS in response to wider needs of the developing world. For instance, we can talk about cooperation on AI, skill building, confronting terrorism etc and how the progress of BRICS has been on these issues. Furthermore, we will highlight the steps taken by BRICS on issues of global governance such as NDB and CRA operationalization which challenges the hegemony of western financial institution, talks of a BRICS rating agency, stand against JCPOA etc
  • Finally, we need to analyse the statement made in the question . We need to explain that BRICS has gotten primarily a geo economic agenda where it seeks to ensure that the economic concerns of the global south finds prominence. Its efforts in global governance have been directed in this direction.

Conclusion – Give your view on the performance of BRICS and the way forward.


Topic – Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Discuss the role of Nehru Yuva Kendra Sangathan (NYKS) and National Service Scheme (NSS)  in developing the personality and leadership qualities of the youth and in engaging them in nation-building activities.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, July 2018 issue.

Why this question

Youth form a special age-group on account of their immense potential as well on being going through a transitional phase of life. A number of schemes and programmes have been supporting youth development across India and NYKS and NSS are probably the most important of them.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the role of NYKS as well as NSS in developing the personality and leadership qualities of the youth and in engaging them in nation-building activities.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Mention that India has the largest demographic dividend and the world’s largest youth population. Present some related statistics and write a few lines on the need to build the personality and leadership qualities of the youth and engaging them in nation-building activities.

Body

  1. Discuss the role of NYKS. e.g launched in 1972, mention its objectives it is the world’s largest youth organization with presence in 623 districts; provides- training on youth leadership and community development; Youth Convention and Yuva Kriti; Yuva Adarsh Gram Vikas Karyakram; Tribal Youth Exchange Program; Ek Bharat Shreshtha Bharat Programme etc.
  2. Discuss the role of NSS. E.g mention its objectives; established in 1969 and ideologically inspired by Mahatma Gandhi; activities- rendering community services especially in adopted village or urban slum; Republic Day Parade; Adventure camps; National INtegration Camps; voluntary work on diverse set of social, medical, economical issues in the society etc.

ConclusionBased on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


General Studies – 3


Topic-  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

6) Beyond merely funding civil works,  PMGSY seeks to emphasize on managing the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction. Discuss.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, July 2018 issue.

Why this question

The Government of India and the World Bank recently signed a dollar 500 million loan agreement to provide additional financing for PMGSY. Climate change has increased the vulnerability of rural road network and maintaining rural roads has been difficult. Thus it is important to know about the importance and the strategy of the project.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the need to emphasize on managing the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction and how the PMGSY seeks to achieve it.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the extent of rural roads in India, the diverse and difficult terrain through which they pass, high cost of maintenance especially in the wake of climate change etc. mention about the partnership between World Bank and PMGSY in this direction.

Body

Discuss in points the strategy envisaged by the project. How they aim to manage the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction. E.g

Climate vulnerability assessment during the design process to identify the critical locations affected by natural hazards; special treatment for flood-affected areas through adequate waterways and submersible roads to allow easy passage of water and improved drainage; use of environmentally optimised road designs and new technologies which use  local and marginal materials and industrial byproducts in place of crushed rocks; innovative bridge and culverts through use of prefabricated units build roads and bridges having better ability to bit and earthquakes and water sources etc.

Conclusion–  write a few lines expressing the desirability of the project and how it could be further strengthened/ better complemented with other programmes- e.g Green Highways Project etc.

 

 


Topic–  Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.

7) India has made remarkable strides in renewable energy during the recent years, which has emerged as an integral part of the solution to nations energy needs. Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, July 2018 issue.

Why this question

India’s renewable energy generation has expanded substantially in recent years to the extent that India is very close to achieve its 175 GW target. A number of initiatives have been taken by the government which have fuelled the growth in the sector.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the growth witnessed in India’s renewable sector vis a vis the targets set. It also wants us to write in detail about the initiatives which have been responsible for these achievements.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention india’s renewable energy target of 175 GW by 2022 and present the growth story of the sector as witnessed in recent years in terms of some statistics- e.g around 38 GW capacity addition in last 4 years, increasing installed renewable energy capacity to 69 GW etc.

Body

Discuss in points the initiatives taken by the govt in this direction. E.g

Solar power- capacity of the scheme, “Development of solar parks and ultra mega solar power projects” has been enhanced from 20 GW to 40 GW; amendments in building bye-laws raising tax free solar bonds for solar projects, tariff-based competitive bidding process for purchase of solar power, central financial assistance for setting up rooftop solar PV ,Surya Mitra program for creation of qualified technical workforce for mandatory provision of rooftop solar for new construction or higher floor area ratio and making rooftop solar as a part of housing loans;

Wind power

Revised assessment to 302 GW potential; National Offshore wind energy policy.

Bio-energy

Central financial assistance for Biomass power projects, promotion of off-grid biogas power projects for captive power generation, family size biogas plants set up under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme.

Amendments in tariff policy enhancement in Solar RPO to 8% by March 2022; introduction of RGO for coal/ lignite based power plants etc.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.