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7) India has made remarkable strides in renewable energy during the recent years, which has emerged as an integral part of the solution to nations energy needs. Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction.(250 words)

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7) India has made remarkable strides in renewable energy during the recent years, which has emerged as an integral part of the solution to nations energy needs. Discuss the steps taken by the government in this direction.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, July 2018 issue.

Why this question

India’s renewable energy generation has expanded substantially in recent years to the extent that India is very close to achieve its 175 GW target. A number of initiatives have been taken by the government which have fuelled the growth in the sector.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the growth witnessed in India’s renewable sector vis a vis the targets set. It also wants us to write in detail about the initiatives which have been responsible for these achievements.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention india’s renewable energy target of 175 GW by 2022 and present the growth story of the sector as witnessed in recent years in terms of some statistics- e.g around 38 GW capacity addition in last 4 years, increasing installed renewable energy capacity to 69 GW etc.

Body

Discuss in points the initiatives taken by the govt in this direction. E.g

Solar power- capacity of the scheme, “Development of solar parks and ultra mega solar power projects” has been enhanced from 20 GW to 40 GW; amendments in building bye-laws raising tax free solar bonds for solar projects, tariff-based competitive bidding process for purchase of solar power, central financial assistance for setting up rooftop solar PV ,Surya Mitra program for creation of qualified technical workforce for mandatory provision of rooftop solar for new construction or higher floor area ratio and making rooftop solar as a part of housing loans;

Wind power

Revised assessment to 302 GW potential; National Offshore wind energy policy.

Bio-energy

Central financial assistance for Biomass power projects, promotion of off-grid biogas power projects for captive power generation, family size biogas plants set up under the National Biogas and Manure Management Programme.

Amendments in tariff policy enhancement in Solar RPO to 8% by March 2022; introduction of RGO for coal/ lignite based power plants etc.

Conclusion- sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.