Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic- Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc.
6) Beyond merely funding civil works, PMGSY seeks to emphasize on managing the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction. Discuss.(250 words)
Yojana Magazine, July 2018 issue.
Why this question
The Government of India and the World Bank recently signed a dollar 500 million loan agreement to provide additional financing for PMGSY. Climate change has increased the vulnerability of rural road network and maintaining rural roads has been difficult. Thus it is important to know about the importance and the strategy of the project.
Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We also have to discuss about the related and important aspects of the question in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the need to emphasize on managing the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction and how the PMGSY seeks to achieve it.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – write a few lines about the extent of rural roads in India, the diverse and difficult terrain through which they pass, high cost of maintenance especially in the wake of climate change etc. mention about the partnership between World Bank and PMGSY in this direction.
Discuss in points the strategy envisaged by the project. How they aim to manage the rural road network through green and climate resilient construction. E.g
Climate vulnerability assessment during the design process to identify the critical locations affected by natural hazards; special treatment for flood-affected areas through adequate waterways and submersible roads to allow easy passage of water and improved drainage; use of environmentally optimised road designs and new technologies which use local and marginal materials and industrial byproducts in place of crushed rocks; innovative bridge and culverts through use of prefabricated units build roads and bridges having better ability to bit and earthquakes and water sources etc.
Conclusion– write a few lines expressing the desirability of the project and how it could be further strengthened/ better complemented with other programmes- e.g Green Highways Project etc.