Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “Ideals of the Constitution achieved since Independence”
3) Preamble contains the aims and aspirations of the constitution. Explain what those aims are? Discuss whether the ideal of secularism has undergone a change since independence? (250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain in depth the aims and aspirations contained in the preamble. Special focus is on understanding secularism, as envisaged by our founding fathers, changes brought by 42nd CAA, and the status of India at present wrt secularism.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain that preamble based largely on objective resolutions contain the key to opening the mind of constitution makers, contains the ideals that the constitution wants us to achieve.
Body – Explain in detail the meaning of each of the ideal listed in Preamble. Explain secularism in greater depth. Describe the nature of secularism in India. Explain that secularism was introduced in the Preamble by 42nd CAA. It is however, immaterial as the provisions of the constitution, particularly Article 27 describes the nature of Indian secularism. Mention the controversies associated with secularism – the debate wrt amending the preamble to include secularism, the present social situation in India and how we stand wrt secularism. Mention that the provisions of constitution particularly Part III guarantees right to religion to each individual, community etc.
Conclusion – Mention that while there may be conflicts on surface, the nature of secularism will be determined by the provisions of constitution, protected by the Supreme Court courtesy Article 32.