Topic- Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) There is a need to develop and harness non-invasive, local, large-scale ‘conserve and use’ projects in order to address the looming water crisis in India. Comment with examples.(250 words)
Why this question
Water scarcity is a looming crisis in most of the Indian cities as well as many of its villages. It is essential to discuss all the plausible solutions that could be used to overcome the problem as well as meet the growing per capita demands of the population.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue and express our opinion on how non-invasive, large scale projects can address the looming water crisis in the country. We have to give suitable examples in order to illustrate our point.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- Write a few lines depicting India’s water crisis and give examples of Shimla and Bangalore which depict the state of water crisis in India.
- Mention that over the years, several bottom-up schemes to revive and rejuvenate lakes, wetlands, streams and other small water bodies have been deployed. While these movements have brought about a significant change at the local level, the scale of India’s water problems is much larger. Discuss why- growing population; growing consumption; growing pollution etc.
- Discuss the role of large scale non-invasive schemes. E.g they can provide a perennial supply of water to large populations in cities and towns, engage the natural landscape, sustain ecological balance and have major economic and health benefits etc. give examples like the Himalayan floodplain- If we conserve and use the floodplain, it can be a self-sustaining aquifer wherein every year, the river and floodplain are preserved in the same healthy condition as the year before- e.g The Delhi Palla floodplain project ; a forest (like Asola Bhatti in Delhi) can be sustained as a mineral water sanctuary etc.
Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.