Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “ Need for a review of the Constitution”
5) It is often said that constitution is a living document. What do you understand by it. Examine whether there is a need to review the constitution in light of a lack of consensus and changed requirements with respect to certain key provisions?(250 words)
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the reason behind calling Indian constitution a living document. Thereafter, we need to discuss certain key areas such as debates over secularism, changes reqd in DPSP in light of changed socio economic realities. We need to examine whether in light of necessities such as those highlighted above, we need a review of constitution.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Explain what is meant by calling constitution a living document – can be changed according to the requirement and the needs of the present society and its future, it is not a constant and static document rather it is fluid and it can be changed by the process of amendment.
Body – Examine what are the niggling factors in our polity and society, in light of which there might be a need to review the constitution. Discuss the changed socio economic realities of india and whether there is a need to review DPSP. Discuss whether foreign policy can be brought under the ambit of Parliament. Examine the impact of technology and the need for review in that regard.
Conclusion – Mention that over time, as need arose, we have amended the constitution. A periodic review, however, makes sense.