Topic– Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests
2) BRICS has grown in influence in its first decade but is still far from achieving its initial goals. Comment. (250 words)
Why this question
The conclusion of 10th BRICS Summit and Johannesburg Declaration provide an opportunity to discuss the progress of BRICS as a grouping of unlikely partners. The summit has gained relevance in light of the geopolitical battle lines that have been drawn, the questions raised against free and fair trade and other such issues which presents an opportunity for BRICS to underline its influence and achieve the initial goals that it had set out to achieve.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to give a brief explanation of BRICS as a grouping of motley countries, the objectives it had set out to achieve, the achievements it has had so far, and the miles still to cover. We need to highlight the declarations made in Johannesburg Declaration and examine how they work to further the BRICS agenda. Our view on the importance and progress of BRICS is to be mentioned in conclusion.
Comment – The directive ‘comment’ is usually followed by a statement made by some famous personality, or taken out from a famous book. When you are asked to comment, you have to pick main points and give your ‘opinion’ on them based on evidences or arguments stemming from your wide reading.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Give a brief introduction of BRICS including the objectives it had set out to achieve.
- In the beginning itself discuss the goals of BRICS – highlight that the formation of BRICS was largely driven by Geo economic agenda and less by geopolitical motives.
- Examine the achievements of BRICS such as NDB, continuous growth in partnership and despite the storm encountered last year in the form of Doklam crisis and aftermath. Discuss that various Ministerial meetings take place throughout the year and the economic agenda that has been advanced so far. Highlight the main points of Johannesburg Declaration and mention how is it taking BRICS forward
- Discuss that off late geopolitics has been an important factor in BRICS due to the presence of divergent geopolitical interests, the inability of India to get BRICS countries to openly support its fight against terrorism etc. Examine whether these factors are preventing BRICS from reaching its potential
Conclusion – Give your view on relevance of BRICS and discuss way forward.