Print Friendly, PDF & Email

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 JULY 2018

Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 31 JULY 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

How to Follow Secure Initiative?

How to Self-evaluate your answer? 

LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

1) At the time of partition, West Bengal and Punjab shared several similarities as well as several differences, which culminated in a more severe and a protracted communalism in Punjab. Analyze.(250 words)

India after Independence, by Ramachandra Guha

Why this question

India’s struggle for independence ended with the grant of independence along with the partition of the country. Bengal and Punjab provinces were among the contentious provinces and witnessed large scale communal incidents. However the nature of the events was different in the two provinces, which needs to be discussed.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to delve deeper into the times around partition and discuss about the differences and similarities between Bengal and Punjab provinces at the time of partition. It wants us to express our opinion on the difference in the communalism witnessed in the two provinces.

Directive word

Analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue, and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the communalism witnessed in India just before partition and during and immediately following partition; its spread from the east to the northwest etc.

Body-

  1. Discuss the similarities between the two provinces as present during the time of partition. E.g both had muslim majorities and claimed for Pakistan, but also were home to millions of Hindus (and Sikhs); both were poised to be partitioned etc.
  2. Discuss the differences. E.g bloody history of communal clashes in Bengal vs largely peaceful coexistence in Punjab; In Bengal a large section of Hindu Middle class actively sought partition while in case of Punjab the Hindus and Sikhs were reluctant to leave their homes and businesses in the western part of Punjab; also West Punjab was the birthplace of Guru Nanak; absence of Sikhs in Punjab which led to a direct Hindu-Muslim conflict there unlike Punjab; Bengal partition plan was already communicated while the partition of Punjab was done at the very last moment as the boundary award was delayed etc.
  3. Mention that under these circumstances, Sikhs started demanding Khalistan as an alternative to the Hindu-Muslim conflict but were not taken seriously by the British, Congress and Muslim league. This increased their alienation and worsened the situation; Punjab Boundary Force was dismantled and exodus of people from the east to the west and vice versa added fuel to the fire which ultimately culminated in one of the worst and most brutal communal period in India etc.

Conclusion– based on your discussion form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the issue.


General Studies – 2


Topic– Statutory, regulatory and various quasi-judicial bodies

2) Over the years, in many important debates,NCW has been accused of playing the role of a foot-soldier of frivolousness. Critically examine the functioning of NCW and whether they have helped in making India a safer place for women? (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

NCW has come in the news for making the suggestion to ban church confessions. The role of NCW in improving the status of women in India has often come under question and several criticisms have been levelled against the functioning of NCW. This question is related to the overall functioning of NCW and whether their interventions are bearing fruit for the women in India.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to examine the role of NCW, their function and their mandate, and whether their suggestions have made any sizeable impact on the safety and status of women in India. We need to provide suggestions as well required for more effective functioning of NCW.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the recent suggestion of NCW where instead of addressing the problem of sexual crimes in big institutions including religious institutions , the blanket suggestion is to ban confessions and the debate it raises over the effectiveness of NCW.

Body

  • Give details about NCW and the mandate it has
  • Examine the working of NCW, the suggestions that it has given and the impact those suggestions have had on safety of women.
  • Mention success stories of NCW – took up women related issues and was proactive in Parivarik Mahila Lok Adalats, Reviewed laws such as Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961, PNDT Act 1994, Indian Penal Code 1860 and the National Commission for Women Act, 1990 to make them more stringent and effective.
  • Highlight why NCW has been called the foot Soldier of frivolousness – stray comments made on rape etc. Mention that NCW’s contribution in capacity building, coming out with progressive legislations empowering women etc has been found wanting.
  • Discuss the reforms required in its functioning

Conclusion – Discuss the important role that NCW has to play and the way forward.


 

Topic– Part of static series under the heading – “CAG- role and importance”

3) Explain the various kinds of audit conducted by CAG? Analyze the appropriateness of CAG raising questions over policy decisions? (250 words)

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the nature of audits conducted by CAG. Thereafter, it requires us to examine whether in the course of its audit, particularly propriety audits, what is the locus standi of DRI to question policy decisions. Our view on the above is to be provided.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that CAG performs legal and regulatory audits. And, on her discretion she can also perform propriety audits. So, CAG can question policy decision.

Body

  • Explain in brief the various kinds of audit conducted by CAG
  • Examine if it is okay for CAG to question policy decisions considering -require additional knowledge of policy making, whether it creates a situation of policy paralysis as highlighted by 2nd ARC
  • Discuss why questioning policy as part of propriety audit is necessary as well as such a role for CAG was envisaged by BR Ambedkar himself.

Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on the scope of audits conducted by CAG and whether questioning policy by CAG is necessary for CAG to act as a bulwark of democratic system.


Topic – Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation

4) The B.N. Srikrishna committee draft data protection bill gets some things right but fails to impose credible checks and balances on the state. Discuss. (250 words) 

Livemint

Why this question

The long awaited BN Srikrishna committee report and the draft data protection Bill have brought into focus the debates surrounding privacy and data protection over the internet. The committee has made several recommendation with wider ramifications which needs to be discussed in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the findings, observations and recommendations of the committee and the provisions of the Bill. Thereafter the rationale and impact of those provisions are to be discussed including the good and the not so good. The responsibility and accountability of state with respect to data regulations is to be examined in detail. Finally, based on the arguments made above we need of discuss the way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the purpose of the committee and paint a picture of status quo with respect to data privacy as observed by BN Srikrishna committee.

Body

  • Explain the findings and recommendations of the committee along with the rationale and key provisions of the draft Bill
  • Discuss the observations of the committee that the state, when it comes to data regulations, remains largely unregulated, also the transformative impact of data economy including its repercussions
  • Highlight how the Bill seeks to protect individuals, businesses and state and the focus on user consent.
  • Discuss how the Bill fails to check the unfettered powers of state when it comes to imperatives of security. Also compare the suggestions with EU data protection regulations.

Conclusion – Give your view on the suggestions and Bill and discuss the way forward.


TOPIC: Structure, organization and functioning of the Executive and the Judiciary
Ministries and Departments of the Government; pressure groups and formal/informal
associations and their role in the Polity.

5) The introduction of death penalty for non-homicidal crimes, unchecked by the court, inspires the state to enter into a unhealthy competition of symbolism, at the cost of regressing notions of justice in the public. Critically Comment in the light of recent happenings in India.(250 words) 

The hindu

Reference

Why this question

There have been calls for death penalty in many kinds of cases and offences in India ranging from Child rape to mob lynching slaughter of cattle. However, death penalty has been empirically shown to be ineffective in achieving their desired goals and there are a host of other social and political issues associated with it and which deserve a proper discussion.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue of awarding death penalty in cases of non-homicidal crimes and bring out how they lead to an unhealthy competition of symbolism and how it affects the notions of justice in the public.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon. We have to look at both the sides of the issue and after discussing each one of them, we have to from a personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – write a few lines about the recent SC remarks on awarding death penalty for mob lynching cases. E.g it is a reactionary retributive attitude transforming itself into dehumanisation of human beings.

Body

  1. Discuss the pros of death penalty. E.g fast and apparently better serving of justice; no overcrowding of jails; sense of justice delivery is higher among the victim and their family; better deterrence than other punishments etc.
  2. Discuss the cons of death penalty. E.g wrong conviction of innocent people particularly important in case of India; paradoxically more resources need to execute death penalty; no chance of reformation given to the victim; protracted proceedings as the case involves the right to life and sometimes the judges may take a lenient view and simply absolve the offender etc.
  3. Discuss the cases where death penalty has been sought in India. E.g terrorism, liquor consumption; cow slaughter; mob lynching; dealing with narcotics; Child rape etc.
  4. Discuss their need and desirability in terms of your discussion and take the help of the articles attached to the question to frame your answer.

Topic– Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders

6) What do you understand by development journalism. Discuss its relevance in Indian society.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Development journalism is an important concept which has not only a historic, but also a contemporary significance for India. It is important to study the concept as well as its relevance for India.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to simply bring out the meaning of development journalism. It then wants us to write in detail about its role and relevance for Indian society. As it is not specifically mentioned- we have to write about the historic as well as contemporary significance.

Directive word

Discuss-This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question and all the related and important aspects of the question, in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction-mention that, development is a vague concept in today’s world. It is practically impossible to arrive at a universal definition of development. In the same way development journalism is defined differently by different scholars.

Body

  1. Give a simple but a complete definition of development journalism. E.g form  your own definition of development journalism by perusal of the definitions provided in the article attached to the question. Mention that howsoever defined, development journalism aims at mobilizing people for national development. News and information about development needs and problems helps to stimulate further development; present the facts as they are, interpret and analyse them, draw conclusions and place it before public in a way so that they can understand them clearly; providing constructive criticism of various government and development projects and informing readers about the impact of those projects on people both in the short and long run.
  2. Discuss its historical association with India. Mention Bengal Gazette as india’s first newspaper; Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Sambad kaumudi, Mirutul Akhbar, Brahmanical Magazine; discuss how journalism was used as a tool by M.Gandhi and other freedom fighters; after independence- Newspapers from Kerala-Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi; The Hindu;  etc.
  3. Discuss its relevance for contemporary India. E.g rise of sensationalism, corporatization, and decreasing ethics in media and dearth of truly objective development journalism and lack of efforts on part of media and other stakeholders to reform the same etc.

Conclusionsum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.


General Studies – 4


Topic– Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

7) Ethics and morals seem to appear similar on the face of it, but if one analyzes deeply, there is a subtle difference. Discuss with an example.(250 words)

Reference

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the meaning and scope of ethics and morals and discuss in what ways are they similar and in what ways do the differ. We have to illustrate our discussion with the help of an example.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question and all the related and important aspects of the question, in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about how the two words are used interchangeably, except when it comes to academic, legal, religious and similar  contexts.

Body-

  1. Define both the terms individually. Give a simple and c complete definition.
  2. Discuss the similarities between the two. E.g Both morality and ethics loosely have to do with distinguishing the difference between “good and bad” or “right and wrong”; It is now common to refer to ethical judgments or to ethical principles where it once would have been more accurate to speak of moral judgments or moral principles; Much of the confusion between these two words can be traced back to their origins etc.
  3. Discuss the differences between the two terms. E.g The rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group or culture vs a personal compass of right and wrong; external social system vs internal social system etc.

ConclusionBased on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.

 



NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

Subscribe to Blog via Email

Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email.