Topic– Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders
6) What do you understand by development journalism. Discuss its relevance in Indian society.(250 words)
Why this question
Development journalism is an important concept which has not only a historic, but also a contemporary significance for India. It is important to study the concept as well as its relevance for India.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to simply bring out the meaning of development journalism. It then wants us to write in detail about its role and relevance for Indian society. As it is not specifically mentioned- we have to write about the historic as well as contemporary significance.
Discuss-This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question and all the related and important aspects of the question, in order to bring out a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Structure of the answer
Introduction-mention that, development is a vague concept in today’s world. It is practically impossible to arrive at a universal definition of development. In the same way development journalism is defined differently by different scholars.
- Give a simple but a complete definition of development journalism. E.g form your own definition of development journalism by perusal of the definitions provided in the article attached to the question. Mention that howsoever defined, development journalism aims at mobilizing people for national development. News and information about development needs and problems helps to stimulate further development; present the facts as they are, interpret and analyse them, draw conclusions and place it before public in a way so that they can understand them clearly; providing constructive criticism of various government and development projects and informing readers about the impact of those projects on people both in the short and long run.
- Discuss its historical association with India. Mention Bengal Gazette as india’s first newspaper; Raja Ram Mohan Roy’s Sambad kaumudi, Mirutul Akhbar, Brahmanical Magazine; discuss how journalism was used as a tool by M.Gandhi and other freedom fighters; after independence- Newspapers from Kerala-Malayala Manorama and Mathrubhumi; The Hindu; etc.
- Discuss its relevance for contemporary India. E.g rise of sensationalism, corporatization, and decreasing ethics in media and dearth of truly objective development journalism and lack of efforts on part of media and other stakeholders to reform the same etc.
Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines and form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the above issue.