Topic–Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources. Issues relating to poverty and hunger.
6)There appears to be an intergenerational effect of child labour over and above that which is transmitted through household income and parental education. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
Child labour is abhorrent to the idea of a modern welfare state. It restricts the victims capacities and reduces their chances of upward socioeconomic mobility in many ways. It is important to analyze and discuss upon the intergenerational effect of child labour.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into the issue of child labour and discuss whether there are any intergenerational effects of child labour over and above that which are transmitted through household income and parental education. We have to highlight those effects if any.
Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – write a few lines about the prevalence of child labour across the world and in India.
- Discuss the effects of household income and parental education on child labour. E.g household income and parental education determine the social and economic opportunities available to the children which in turn forces them into child labor. Those involved in child labour further have a low household income and low or practically no educational qualifications which leads to Child labour of their descendants etc.
- Discuss what are the other intergenerational effects. E.g low access to health facilities, higher and longer levels of various socio economic deprivations; more exposure to risks- physical, mental as well as social; discuss the effect and association of caste and gender with child labor etc.
Conclusion– mention the efforts of the government towards reducing child labor in India- RTE act, Child labour act, reservations for socially backward citizens etc. bring out the imperative to end child labour in India and suggest what should be done in this matter- e.g increasing spending on health and education etc.