Topic– Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
5) Critically analyze the benefits and risks associated with GM foods. Also discuss the regulatory setup in India dealing with GM foods.(250 words)
Why this question
In a recent investigation, it was found that a number of GM foods are being sold in India despite regulatory prohibitions. It is vital to know the risks associated with GM foods and to analyze the associated regulatory setup in India.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to write in detail about the risks and benefits associated with production and consumption of GM foods. It also wants us to write in detail about the regulatory setup in India dealing with the GM foods.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about the GM foods, their meaning, usage across the world and mention that they are currently banned in India etc.
- Discuss in points about the benefits of GM foods. E.g higher productivity especially under the scenario of global climate change, population growth, shrinking land resources and environmental degradation; in fight against hunger and hidden hunger- biofortification etc.
- Discuss the health and other (economic risks) associated with GM crops especially in the context of India. E.g loss of biodiversity; carcinogenic; toxicity; allergic reactions; increased role of multinationals in agriculture which is linked to livelihood of half the Indian population etc.
- Discuss the associated regulatory setup in India. E.g EP Act; FSS Act; Legal Metrology ( Packaged Commodities rules) ; Foreign Trade (Development and regulation act) etc.
Conclusion– Based on your discussion form a balanced opinion on the issue and suggest how should we move forward.