Topic- Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints;
Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment
5) Water crisis is an impending catastrophe, likely to hit India. Critically analyze,in the context of India’s present water crisis. (250 words)
Why this question
As the question itself says, India is under a threat of an impending water crisis across the country. There are certain main factors behind the present situation and only a few possible solutions available presently.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to dig deep into India’s present water crisis, identify and discuss the factors behind. It also wants us to express our opinion on the issue in the form of what should be done in this regard.
Critically analyze- Here we have to dig deep into the issue and identify and discuss about all the related and important aspects and correlate them to satisfy the key demand of the question. We have to form an opinion based on our analysis and discussion.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Write a few lines about the state of india’s present water crisis- per capita availability trends, likely demand in future, etc.
- Discuss the factors behind the present situation- climate change, pollution and poor farming practices. Bring out the role of each factor.
- Discuss what should be done in this regard- e.g better water-management practices, technologies like precise irrigation; wastewater treatment; sustainable agriculture; redirecting subsidies; watershed management; use of technology and best practices across the world.
Conclusion– Mention India’s recent efforts in this direction like CWM-Index; stress upon the imperative to employ more resources, gather more public support; ground level monitoring etc.