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1) Colonial exploitation and domination scarred Indian society in many ways. But paradoxically, colonialism also gave birth to its own enemy – nationalism. Comment.(250 words)

Topic– Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

1) Colonial exploitation and domination scarred Indian society in many ways. But paradoxically, colonialism also gave birth to its own enemy – nationalism. Comment.(250 words)

NCERT

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to discuss how colonialism divided Indian society and also how it also gave birth to nationalism. As the answer is quite simple here, it is important to be specific and concise.

Directive word

Comment- here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and form an overall opinion thereupon.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines about the nature of Indian society before colonialism especially the caste distinctions, religious distinctions, other important socio-economic distinctions.

Body

  • Discuss the inequalities created or widened by colonialism- e.g The urban middle classes; widening of religious distinctions in the form of birth of various communal organizations like a,b,c; effect on caste distinctions.
  • Discuss how each of them affected Indian nationalism. E.g urban middle class came to know about western ideas etc., felt confident about their past and ability to govern themselves; strategically used press, assembly to portray Indian cause etc. discuss the role of communal organizations and similarly caste organizations in India’s freedom struggle.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.