Topic– Salient features of Indian Society
1) Discuss the various forms of violence faced by Dalits in Indian society? Examine whether SC’s verdict in Kashinath Mahajan case marks a death knell for Prevention of Atrocities Act?(250 words)
Why this question
The Article brings our attention back to this landmark SC judgment. Dalit protests has been in the news quite frequently. Also, there have been several incidents of lynching, in which Dalits have been at the receiving end, in recent times which is indicative of fault lines in our society. Hence this question.
Key demand of the question
The first part of the question is quite straightforward in its demand. The second part expects us to mention the judgment in Kashinath Mahajan case. The question is asking us to examine whether the judgment indicates a death knell for PoA Act. You can either agree or disagree with this statement giving reasons and mention the impact of the judgment.
Discuss – Mention the various forms of violence faced by Dalits in Indian society
Examine – Give reasons for why or why not the judgment marks a death knell for the SC/ST (PoA) Act. Also mention what the likely impact of the judgment is going to be.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Discuss the judgment first and mention that it has led to widespread debate.
- Explain the various forms of violence against Dalits including the more recent additions like cow vigilantism, honour killing, Khap panchayats etc. Also mention discrimination in universities, jobs etc which fall under mental violence.
- Give the constitutional provisions related to protection of Dalits which necessitated presence of an Act like PoA. Give your view on the debate of misuse of the Act vs need for a legislation to accord protection to Dalits. Examine the merits of SC making such a major change, which ideally should have been the role of Parliament etc.
- Discuss what the likely impact of the judgment will be
Conclusion – Mention your view along with reasons and discuss how can we resolve this.