Topic: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation.
2) The Trafficking of Persons (Prevention, Protection and Rehabilitation) Bill-2018 raises several important concerns and would a regressive step rather than a welcome effort. Examine.(250 words)
Why this question
The ToP bill touches upon several important issues surrounding human trafficking, sec- workers, transgenders, HIV patients. It has been severely criticized on various fronts by several activists, journalists and politicians.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us dig deep into the ToP bill and bring out the limitations/ cons of the various provisions of the bill.
Examine- Here we have to delve into the provisions of the ToP bill and bring out, what could be their negative implications.
Structure of the answer
Introduction- mention that the ToP bill seeks to address the issue of trafficking from the point of view of prevention, rescue and rehabilitation.
- Mention the positive points of the bill. E.g defines aggravated forms of trafficking, Punishment for promoting or facilitating trafficking, confidentiality of victims, time bound trial and repatriation of the victims etc.
- Discuss in points the problems/ limitations/ cons of the bill. E.g If a sex worker is violated, she won’t be able to go to court because she will be immediately understood as exploited, trafficked and sent to rehabilitation. The law will lead to increase in violence against sex workers and silence them; it will lead to criminalisation of trans-identities; creates more confusion among law enforcement agencies by adding to the existing range of laws-Immoral Traffic (Prevention) Act 1956 (ITPA), and Juvenile Justice Act 2015 etc.
Conclusion- Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.