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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 JULY 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 16 JULY 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

 


General Studies – 2


Topic:Development of social sector services including health

1) It is said that National Health Policy takes a road less travelled and envisions a huge strategic role for the private sector. Examine how and discuss its merits?(250 words)

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Why this question

The article gives an in-depth analysis of the role of private sector envisioned  in NHP 2017 alongwith debating its merit, highlights challenges therein and discusses a future strategy. NHP is quite important from mains point of view and to prepare health related topics of GS2 and GS3. This article gives a good overview of NHP.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to highlight the role of private sector in healthcare envisioned by NHP, why such a shift in provisioning of healthcare is sought to be undertaken (will form part of the merits). Thereafter we need to focus on what challenges are there. Towards the end our answer should focus on discussing how synergies of private and public healthcare be tapped so as to deliver optimum results.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that despite sustained focus of successive governments in improving health outcomes, the results have not forthcoming which led to a paradigm shift in NHP 2017, with greater role expected of private sector.

Body

  • Discuss what role is envisaged of the private sector as per NHP. Discuss the concept of strategic purchasing.
  • Discuss in detail why such a shift took place. You will find the reasons mentioned in the shared link under the heading “political economy of the NHP”. The reasons being increased demand of secondary and tertiary healthcare, lack of capacity of public sector to fulfill such demands in light of fiscal constraints etc
  • Highlight the advantages of such a strategy if it works well
  • Discuss the challenges therein – information asymmetry, lack of penetration of private healthcare in vulnerable areas etc

Conclusion – Highlight how the synergy of the two can be leveraged to achieve better health outcomes.

 


Topic-Part of static series under the heading – “Resolutions and motions-comparison”

2) Parliament discusses matters of public importance by passing motions and resolutions inside the House. How are they different from each other?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question is pretty straightforward in its demand. The focus is on understanding the difference between motions and resolutions along with examples (for extra marks)

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain that parliamentary proceedings make use of several devices to discuss matters of public importance such as motions and resolutions.

Body – explain what motions are, highlight that it is mentioned in Rule 184 of Lok Sabha. Mention that there are various types of motions and resolutions form part of substantive motions. Explain what resolutions are. Explain the difference between the two – all resolutions can be voted upon. Give examples.

Conclusion – Emphasize on the importance of the two devices.

 


Topic– Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

3) A recent Brookings study claims that India no longer houses the largest number of poor. The credit goes to the efforts of  successive governments in rolling out poverty alleviation schemes. Discuss the evolution of poverty alleviation schemes in India?(250 words)

Reference

Why this question

The findings of the Brookings report is a good opportunity to discuss how the poverty alleviation programmes have evolved in their design and implementation over time. The article discusses the evolution of schemes and highlights that over time incremental improvements have indeed been made. Poverty is an important topic from mains perspective and hence this topic is important.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to chart a journey of how the poverty alleviation programmes have evolved over time in their design, focus , implementation etc.

Directive word

Discuss – Here your answer should explain what steps were taken in distinct phases, their rationale and discuss the impact.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give details of the Brookings report and the status of poverty in India.

Body

  • Explain that since independence there has been sustained focus on eliminating poverty. In recent years, India is a party to SDG under which one of the target is ending poverty and hence several steps are being taken
  • Explain the various phases
    • Phase 1 : agriculture as the prime moving force in 1st and 2nd plan and agricultural revolution thereafter
    • Phase 2: 3rd FYP onwards, explicit commitment to ending poverty. Food for work, Rural Landless employment guarantee programme
    • Phase 3 – NREGA, National Food Security Act,
    • Others including those affecting food and nutrition, infrastructure creation, pensions etc
    • Examine the impact of these schemes too
  • Mention that most poverty alleviation programmes implemented are based on the perspective of the Five Year Plans were based on expanding self employment programmes and wage employment programmes. Mention that attempts have also been made to target farm sector specifically by providing them with infrastructure, insurance etc to improve their financial conditions

Conclusion – Highlight the common threat that binds them and the way forward to put ourselves in “No Extreme poverty” grouping.

 


Topic: Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Education

4) Critically examine the potential of HECI Bill in improving the status of higher education in India?(250 words)

The hindu

The hindu

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Why this question

The article talks about how the changes brought about by HECI Bill hardly resolves the issues faced by the higher education institutes in the country. Critical analysis of the bill this becomes necessary.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first elaborate on the provisions of the bill likely to have an impact on the status of higher education institutes in the country. Thereafter we have to assess the pros and cons of the changes and present our view.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give details of the bill along with its aim.

Body

  • Discuss the provisions of the bill in detail that would impact the higher education institutes – impact on autonomy, finance, regulatory architecture etc
  • Discuss the positives that the proposed move will have – failure of UGC, poor status of Indian universities, lack of uniform standards, infrastructure etc. Discuss how the Bill hopes to improve situation – “less government and more government”; “separation of grant function”; “End of inspection Raj”; “Focus of academic quality”; and “Powers to Enforce”
  • Discuss the cons of such a move as highlighted in the article

Conclusion – Based on arguments made above, give a fair and balanced conclusion and the way forward.


General Studies – 3


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

5) In order to create meaningful employment for its youth, India needs to integrate its youth skilling programs with the needs of the industry 4.0. Comment.(250 words)

Yojana Magazine, June 2018 issue.

Why this question

India has a huge demographic dividend and it is essential to skill those youth for gainful employment and contribute to India’s success story to development. However, skilling is not an easy issue and skilling for gainful employment has its own challenges. So it is important to discuss all those avenues which could lead to gainful employment for India’s skilled youth.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to dig deep into the youth skilling programs and schemes of India and come out with reasons as to why/ why not these programs need to be linked with the needs of fourth industrial revolution.

Directive word

Comment- Here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and present our opinion. Our opinion has to be based on a proper discussion of why/ why not India needs to integrate its youth skilling programs with the needs of the industry 4.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about India’s demographic dividend, what it means, for how long the demographic dividend will be there and why it needs to be capitalized.

Body-

  1. Discuss the present skilling programmes in India ( e.g PMKVY; DAY-NULM; DGI-MES; NSDC etc.). Discuss the limitations of the current skilling programs vis a vis employability of the youth skilled under the present programmes. E.g low level of skills training; lack of high end skilling programmes; lack of future oriented jobs; more stress on certification rather than employability etc.
  2. Discuss why there is a need for India to integrate these skilling programmes with the needs of industry 4.0. E.g growth of digitization, AI, Machine learning, IoT, business analytics; industry 4 will be more efficient, more preferable and likely to displace the current industrial processes and technologies; Industry 4 is more compatible with the demands of the society and the needs of the governance; task based employment will be in more demand than job based  employment etc.

Conclusion– discuss briefly the initiatives of the govt. in this regard and what more needs to be done.


TOPICIndian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.

Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

6) Tax reforms are essential for improving the ease of doing business, and attracting foreign investment. Discuss the steps taken by India in this regard. (250 words)

Yojana Magazine, June 2018 issue

Why this question

India has made significant strides in improving the ease of doing business index. There have been various tax reforms with the introduction of GST being the most important among them. It is essential to discuss all those tax reforms comprehensively in order to get a better picture of India’s economy.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about all the tax reforms introduced in India recently, which have in turn improved our ease of doing business and led to more foreign investment. The key here is to discuss all the tax reforms in this direction.

Directive word-

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question so as to give a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- Write a few lines along with some statistic, which show improved ease of doing business and increased foreign investment in India.

Body-

Discuss in points about all those tax reforms introduced recently by the government.

e.g Direct taxes- TIN, OLTAS, e-TCS, e-TDS; e-sahyog, Sevottam etc. Discuss each tax reform briefly.

Indirect taxes- GST; reduction in customs duties etc. Discus each tax reform briefly.

Conclusion– Based on your discussion, form a fair and a balanced conclusion on the given issue.


Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.

7) There is a need to employ a multi pronged approach in order to decrease the rural-urban divide in India. Discuss the steps taken by the GoI in this regard.(250 words)

Yojana magazine, June 2018 issue

Why this question

Rising inequality is a critical issue in India and there has been a significant increase in the rural-urban divide. Inequality has many implications for a society and it is essential to know about all the initiatives taken by the govt. to tackle the issue.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to dig deep into the question and write at length about all the initiatives of the government directed at decreasing the rural-urban divide.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question so as to give a complete picture of the issue in hand.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the increasing rural-urban divide in India.

Body-

  1. Discuss the negative effects of the growing urban-rural divide. E.g income and regional inequality; emigration from rural areas; immigration to urban areas resulting in increased stress on urban infrastructure, increased homelessness, increased feminization of agriculture etc. Discuss why there is a need for a multi-pronged approach in dealing with the problem.
  2. Discuss in points the initiatives taken by GoI to tackle the issue of increasing rural-urban divide in the country. E.g NFSM, RKVY, PMFBY, NAM, PMKSY, PMJDY, DAY-NRLM, MGNREGS, RGSA, Antyodya mission etc.

Discuss each initiative briefly and bring out how it impacts the rural-urban divide.

Conclusion– Sum up your discussion in a few lines to form a fair and a balanced conclusion. Suggest some more reforms that need to be taken in this direction.

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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