Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment. Inclusive growth and issues arising from it.
7) There is a need to employ a multi pronged approach in order to decrease the rural-urban divide in India. Discuss the steps taken by the GoI in this regard.(250 words)
Yojana magazine, June 2018 issue
Why this question
Rising inequality is a critical issue in India and there has been a significant increase in the rural-urban divide. Inequality has many implications for a society and it is essential to know about all the initiatives taken by the govt. to tackle the issue.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to dig deep into the question and write at length about all the initiatives of the government directed at decreasing the rural-urban divide.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write in detail about the key demand of the question so as to give a complete picture of the issue in hand.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about the increasing rural-urban divide in India.
- Discuss the negative effects of the growing urban-rural divide. E.g income and regional inequality; emigration from rural areas; immigration to urban areas resulting in increased stress on urban infrastructure, increased homelessness, increased feminization of agriculture etc. Discuss why there is a need for a multi-pronged approach in dealing with the problem.
- Discuss in points the initiatives taken by GoI to tackle the issue of increasing rural-urban divide in the country. E.g NFSM, RKVY, PMFBY, NAM, PMKSY, PMJDY, DAY-NRLM, MGNREGS, RGSA, Antyodya mission etc.
Discuss each initiative briefly and bring out how it impacts the rural-urban divide.
Conclusion– Sum up your discussion in a few lines to form a fair and a balanced conclusion. Suggest some more reforms that need to be taken in this direction.