Topic– Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth, development and employment.
5) In order to create meaningful employment for its youth, India needs to integrate its youth skilling programs with the needs of the industry 4.0. Comment.(250 words)
Yojana Magazine, June 2018 issue.
Why this question
India has a huge demographic dividend and it is essential to skill those youth for gainful employment and contribute to India’s success story to development. However, skilling is not an easy issue and skilling for gainful employment has its own challenges. So it is important to discuss all those avenues which could lead to gainful employment for India’s skilled youth.
Key demand of the question
The question wants us to dig deep into the youth skilling programs and schemes of India and come out with reasons as to why/ why not these programs need to be linked with the needs of fourth industrial revolution.
Comment- Here we have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and present our opinion. Our opinion has to be based on a proper discussion of why/ why not India needs to integrate its youth skilling programs with the needs of the industry 4.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– write a few lines about India’s demographic dividend, what it means, for how long the demographic dividend will be there and why it needs to be capitalized.
- Discuss the present skilling programmes in India ( e.g PMKVY; DAY-NULM; DGI-MES; NSDC etc.). Discuss the limitations of the current skilling programs vis a vis employability of the youth skilled under the present programmes. E.g low level of skills training; lack of high end skilling programmes; lack of future oriented jobs; more stress on certification rather than employability etc.
- Discuss why there is a need for India to integrate these skilling programmes with the needs of industry 4.0. E.g growth of digitization, AI, Machine learning, IoT, business analytics; industry 4 will be more efficient, more preferable and likely to displace the current industrial processes and technologies; Industry 4 is more compatible with the demands of the society and the needs of the governance; task based employment will be in more demand than job based employment etc.
Conclusion– discuss briefly the initiatives of the govt. in this regard and what more needs to be done.