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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 JULY 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 14 JULY 2018

Click on EACH question to post/upload you answers.

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)


General Studies – 1


Topic – salient features of Indian society

1) Section 497 of the IPC is clearly out of step with the founding ideals of the Indian Constitution, which —among other things — guarantee equality before law and non-discrimination on account of sex. Critically examine.(250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The article raises several pertinent points relating to the adultery law which prima facie go against the spirit of article 14 and 15. The matter is being discussed in the Supreme Court which makes it incumbent upon aspirants to understand the issue in depth.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to explain what section 497 of IPC is about, how it goes against some of the fundamental rights as provided in Part III of constitution, and what should be the way forward.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When critically is suffixed, you have to highlight the pros and cons and give a balanced conclusion.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that a petition challenging the constitutionality of section 497 is being heard in Supreme Court.

Body – Mention the detail of Section 497. Examine the main debates around section 497. Discuss how it goes against the idea of equality before law as granted under Article 14 and prohibition of discrimination under Article 15(1). Discuss why such a law would have been brought into force – mention the societal angle. Discuss the cons of the Act and why it needs to be changed.

Conclusion – Mention what an ideal law against adultery should look like and emphasize on the need for amending the law.


General Studies – 2


Topic:Development of social sector services related to education

2) Institute of Eminence tag will go a long way in improving the status of higher education in India. Discuss (250 words)

Indianexpress

Why this question

The article talks about the advantages that will accrue to those universities granted Institute of Eminence tag on account of higher autonomy. The impact such a move would have on the quality of higher education, which has repeatedly been slammed by experts is the focus here, and important for mains.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first describe the benefits that is provided by the Institute of Eminence tag. Thereafter we have to link the problems faced by higher education in the country and how granting greater autonomy to institutes with this tag would help in improving the status of higher education.

Directive word

Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that there has been a long standing allegation that UGC stifled autonomy of institutes of higher education. To address it, government removed UGC and has now selected certain institutes to be granted this tag.

Body

  • Explain what institutes of Eminence tag means and the advantages it will have for those institutes with this tag
  • Highlight the challenges faced by higher educational institutes – lack of funds, lack of autonomy, age cold curriculum etc
  • Discuss whether the tag which provides greater autonomy and funds would address the issues discussed above.
  • Also highlight the challenges that might be faced, lack of absorption capacity in many universities, less capacity in designing curriculum in sync with current times etc

Conclusion – Mention your view based on arguments made above and discuss the way forward.


TopicEffect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s interests, Indian diaspora.

3) Discuss the implications of the recently enacted CLOUD Act, by the U.S congress. How will the act impact India.(250 words)

Reference

The hindu

 

Why this question

The issues of privacy and sovereign rights are among the  burning issues of the recent years. EU came up with the GDPR policy and the U.S came up with the CLOUD act. It is essential to know the nature and implications of CLOUD act given that most of the tech-giants are located in the U.S but have operations world over.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the CLOUD Act and its salient provisions. We have to bring out its potential implications for the people in general and India in particular.

Directive word

Discuss- We have to write in detail about the CLOUD act and look deep into its provisions, objectives and its implications for the world in general and India in particular.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Write a few lines about the CLOUD act. E.g the Clarifying Lawful Overseas Use of Data Act (CLOUD Act),  is aimed to enable the U.S. government to enter into agreements with like-minded states for cross-border data sharing. This will allow law enforcement agencies from these states to directly obtain electronic data, held by communication service providers headquartered in the U.S.

Body-

  • Discuss the salient provisions of the act  E.g the act provides that U.S. law-enforcement orders issued under the Stored Communications Act (SCA) may reach certain data located in other countries; the act formalizes the process for companies to challenge a law enforcement request.
  • Discuss the possible implications of the act. E.g Discuss the effect on privacy of netizens all around the world and similarly in India; Also discuss the increasing incidences of transnational and cyber crimes and how they will be easy to deal with under the provisions of the act; an Indian officer for the purposes of an investigation will no longer have to make a request to the U.S. government but can approach the company directly etc.
  • Discuss how should India respond to the given legislation. E.g seeking push for an India-U.S. data sharing agreement to serve the interests of its law enforcement and, more importantly, to make headway in the global cyber norms conversation; need to ensure that the authorities collect, retain, use and share data as per an established procedure. In addition, Indian laws must provide for electronic data requests to be reviewed by a court or other independent authority etc.

Conclusion– sum up your discussion in a few lines.

 


Topic– Part of static series under the heading “Money Bill and its passage”

4) How does a money bill differ from a financial Bill? Analyze whether the process of classifying a bill as money bill needs change?(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The focus of the question is twofold. In the first part, we need to differentiate between a money bill and a financial Bill along with relevant constitutional provisions. Thereafter, we need to explain how a bill is classified as a money bill and whether the process needs change.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain what a money bill and a financial Bill is.

Body

  • Explain the difference between along with the constitutional provisions
  • Discuss how a bill is classified as a money bill. Here explain the provisions of Article 110 and the fact that  the speaker has discretion to classify a bill as money Bill.
  • Discuss the controversy around the classification of bill as a money bill such as in the case of Aadhar. Examine why it is important to correctly classify money bill as otherwise it takes away from the authority of Rajya sabha. Discuss what changes can be brought in.

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for resolution and the view that SC might take.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic– disaster and disaster management

5) Developing countries can ill afford to bear the financial cost of disasters, which requires accelerated implementation of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. Analyze. (250 words)

Indian express

Why this question

The article talks about the economic impact of disasters, which is exacerbated in recent years due to the increased frequency. The article relates the issue to Sendai Framework and how its implementation will help us deal with this issue. The content of the article will prove useful in preparing Disaster Management section of Paper 3.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to first highlight what is meant by financial cost of disasters and why it is more of an issue for developing countries. Thereafter, we need to highlight the linkage between Sendai framework and how it will help in reducing such costs. Also highlight how India has incorporated the provisions of Sendai framework into its national strategy and the advantages it will have for India.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention about the recent discussions at the Asian Ministerial Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction in Ulaanbaatar which focussed on this issue.

Body

  • Explain what do we understand by financial impact of disasters. Do not get limited to its explicit understanding of loss of property, highlight how it pushes people into poverty and other indirect linkages.
  • Discuss in brief why it is a bigger challenge for developing countries
  • Discuss the provisions of Sendai framework which would help us in tackling this challenge. Also explain how it might help by discussing points like it would reduce the scale of unnecessary losses and also achieve key sustainable development goals such as the eradication of poverty, the creation of resilient cities and action on climate change.
  • Examine how India has incorporated this strategy and the impact it will have on us

Conclusion – Emphasize on the need for accelerated implementation to avert the losses.


TOPIC: Indian Economy and issues relating to planning, mobilization of resources, growth,
development and employment.

6) The Financial Resolution and Deposit Insurance Bill, 2017 proposes a comprehensive resolution framework for specified financial sector entities and service providers, to deal with bankruptcy. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Besides corporate banks, many non-financial institutions are also facing the problems regarding financial resolution. The FRDI bill will complement the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code in order to expedite the resolution process comprehensively.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write in detail about the salient provisions of the FRDI bill and bring out how it will provide a comprehensive resolution framework to deal with specified financial sector entities and SPs.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which mandates us to write at length about the key demand of the question and all related and important aspects. The purpose is to address the key demand of the question and present a complete picture of the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– write a few lines about the objectives and the need for the FRDI bill. E.g to give comfort to the consumers of financial service providers in financial distress; maintenance of financial stability during a crisis etc.

Body-

 

  • Mention the service providers and Discuss in points the salient provisions of the bill and how it will provide a comprehensive resolution framework. E.g Bill lists 11 categories of institutions which would come under the definition of specified service providers; what are the provisions for these SPs; Resolution Corporations; its powers and functions.
  • Discuss how the bill complements the IBC, and thereby brings in a comprehensive legislation to deal with the issue of bankruptcy and financial resolution.

 

Conclusion– mention the shortcomings of the bill, if any and sum up your discussion in a fair and a balanced way.


General Studies – 4


Topic :Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships.

7)What do you understand by moral responsibility. How is it different from moral accountability. Discuss.(250 words)

The hindu

Reference

Reference

Reference

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to give a simple definition and a brief discussion of the term, moral responsibility. Then the question wants us bring out the difference between moral responsibility and moral accountability.

Directive word

What do you understand by- We have to give a simple but comprehensive definition of moral responsibility, and discuss it briefly so as to bring a complete meaning of the term.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– give a brief definition of the term moral responsibility- e.g The term “moral responsibility” refers to the duty that individuals and groups have to act in accordance with the moral principles that are important to their social communities and to humanity at large.

Body-

  • Define and elaborate the meaning and scope of the term.
  • Define moral accountability- e.g It is the readiness or preparedness to give an explanation or justification to relevant others (stakeholders) for one’s judgments, intentions, acts and omissions when appropriately called upon to do so.
  • Discuss moral accountability vis a vis moral responsibility, and the relation between the two. E.g moral responsibility is essential to evoke/ inculcate moral accountability; etc.

Take the help of the articles attached to the question to frame your answer. However the purpose of the question is to understand both the concepts at a deeper level and the two terms are overlapping to a large extent, which should be reflected in your answer.

Conclusion- Based on your discussion, from a fair and a balanced  conclusion on the overall relationship between moral responsibility and moral accountability.

 

 


NOTE: 

We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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