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4) Discuss the role Big Data can play in disaster management. (250 words)

Topic– Disaster and disaster management.

4) Discuss the role Big Data can play in disaster management. (250 words)




Why this question

India and S.Korea recently signed agreements covering a broad range of areas, including cooperation in development of big data technologies for their diverse applications, like in disaster management. Big data can play a significant role in enhancing our capabilities to manage disasters.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write at length about the role big data technologies can play in disaster management. What are the areas of application and hurdles if any involved.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive which directs us to write in detail about the key demand of the question. We have to write in detail about all the key aspects of the question so as to bring out a complete picture.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- write a few lines about the increased incidences of disasters, their relevance for all the nations etc. Also mention that technologies like Big data, AI etc can play a huge role in helping us manage the disasters in a better way.


  • Define disaster management- e.g Disaster management is a systematic process with primary aim to reduce the negative consequences and effect of disasters, hence safeguarding people and social infrastructure.
  • Discuss in points, how big data can play a role in disaster management. E.g Big data generated from geo-informatics and remote sensing platforms can contribute to early warning systems for disasters. Geographical Information Systems (GIS), Global Positioning Systems (GPS) and environmental monitoring sensors with cloud services have a potential to predict disasters; Geoinformatics information along with transportation network data can benefit to understand human mobility patterns during disasters; social data sets; financial data sets etc.
  • Discuss the challenges involved in the process. E.g   understanding how to link different datasets with different kinds of disasters; early phase of research and application of big data; protection of personal privacy and information etc.

Conclusion– based on the above discussion, form a fair and a balanced opinion on the above issue.