Are you Ready for Insta 75 Days Revision Plan (UPSC Prelims - 2020)?
Topic– Indian agriculture – issues
5) PDPS as a procurement tool, instead of MSP will be more effective in improving the status of farmers. Critically examine. (250 words)
Why this question
Since the time government has raised the MSP, the topic has come under intense discussion. While the move is being appreciated for it is in sync with several committee recommendations, the overall impact of MSP in alleviating farmers issues is being questioned. The article explores this issues and suggests alternatives.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to compare the effectiveness of MSP vis a vis PDPS. For this, we need to highlight the issues faced with MSP regime and the pros and cons of MSP and PDPS. We need to give a fair and balanced view in the end.
Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any. When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – You can provide the context to the whole debate by mentioning the step of the government to raise MSP, and the debate that it has led to.
- Explain MSP and PDPS
- Highlight the issues with MSP as pointed out by several committees in the past such as Ramesh Chand committee, Shanta Kumar Committee etc
- Examine how PDPS can be an improvement over MSP regime. Discuss the experience of its implementation in MP
- Discuss the lacunae in PDPS
Conclusion – Give a fair and balanced view on the utility of MSP vis a vis PDPS and what according to you should be the way forward.