Topic-Important Geophysical phenomena such as earthquakes, Tsunami, Volcanic activity, cyclone etc., geographical features and their location- changes in critical geographical features (including water bodies and ice-caps) and in flora and fauna and the effects of such changes.
2)Although cyclones bring sheer devastation, they also bring several benefits with them. Comment, in the context of India.(250 words)
Why this question
India is highly vulnerable to several kinds of natural disasters and cyclone is one of them. It is essential to know about the vulnerability of India to cyclones, their negative effects as well as positive effects, if any.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to express our knowledge and understanding of the vulnerability of India to cyclones, and the positive as well as negative effects of cyclones.
Comment- here we have to form an opinion on the issue – impact of cyclones in India and whether cyclones have any positive effects along with the apparent negative effects it brings.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Define what is a cyclone and their types- tropical vs temperate cyclones.
- Mention that India is highly vulnerable to tropical cyclones, present the picture of Indian coastline and vulnerable areas(3 coastal states/UTs encompassing 84 coastal districts) in the country; months of the year when cyclones usually hit the Indian coast etc.
- Discuss the negative effects of cyclones. E.g strong winds and associated loss of life and property; torrential rainfall and flooding; storm surge and its effects on the low-lying coastal areas etc.
- Discuss the positive effects of cyclones. E.g relief in drought conditions; Carry heat and energy away from the tropics and transport it towards temperate latitudes, thus helps to maintain equilibrium in the Earth’s troposphere ; maintaining a relatively stable and warm temperature worldwide etc.
Conclusion– discuss in 2-3 lines about India’s efforts in dealing with the cyclones- National Cyclone Risk Mitigation Project (NCRMP).