Insights 70 Days Ethics Plan
Day – 7
- It is often said that both societal and human values are fast diminishing owing to various factors. In this regard, discuss the role of administrators in protecting these values. (150 Words)
In the present society discipline is redefined by majority consensus, life or the protection thereof is traded for spurts of pleasure, personal identity is converted to the identity of acceptability, war becomes a preference to peace, profitability justifies poverty. This shows degradation of societal and human values.
Human relations and values are getting diluted with people forgetting ideals and principles of great leaders, including Basaveshwara, and Mahatma Gandhi, among others on one hand and the over dependent and use of social media network on the other.
Values represent a specific mode of conduct or end-state of existence that involves judgment because they represent an individual idea of what is right, good or desirable. Hierarchy of values differ for every individual.
Now a days people are consequently self-seeking at present and searching for materialistic desires, leaving no time for friends and relationships, respecting older grandparents, practicing humanity, love, respect, or care.
Also the societal values of attaining success ethically is not followed due to rise of money power in the society.
Despite rise in educational attainment, people are still heeding to ascriptive criteria like gender ,race, caste, religion etc leading to violence and insecurity among different communities. So intolerance, lack of trust, empathy and compassion are slowly getting lost.
How administrators can protect these values?
- Administrators can lead by example. There have been many examples for instance when a lower caste person cooked food in the school as part of mid day meals scheme some upper caste parents protests and a district collector had the same food at the school. This sets an example to the children to treat other children and elders with respect irrespective of the caste they belong to.
- They can take strict actions against those who perpetuate harm or violence to the society and not uphold law. For instance they can take action when an old parent is forced to leave the children’s house.
- When administrators uphold values like honesty, impartiality, integrity the subordinates and the society would also get inspired and trust the administration more.
- They can even ensure gender sensitive campaigns to make parents aware about the importance of raising girl and boy child equally.
2) “Great leaders create more leaders, not followers.” Comment. (150 Words)
Leadership is more than being in charge and managing people. Leadership that separates good leaders from great leaders, is leadership that builds other leaders.
Too many old-fashioned leaders measure their influence by the number of followers that they can
claim. When one thinks about Martin Luther King, Jr., Mohandas Gandhi or Nelson Mandela. They were trying to create more leaders in order to help many others to find and create their own destinies.
Great leaders empower their teams to do more, they are very protective of their time, and they are shrewd in applying their knowledge and experience in order to move forward and avoid mistakes either they themselves or others made in the past.
True leaders lead by example, they are first in and last ones out, they are fully invested in the vision of their ventures and, through showing their dedication, they inspire people around them to show the same kind of commitment and display the same behaviours.
The best leaders have a clear understanding of their own limitations. They know that success is a team sport and it takes a diverse team to truly innovate. They search for passionate people in diverse areas of expertise and bring them together. Great leaders listen more than they speak.
Truly amazing leaders empower others to become leaders. Their higher goal is to work themselves out of the job so that if they are not around, the organization functions just as successfully as when they are.
Good leaders have vision and inspire others to help them turn vision into reality. Great leaders have vision, share vision, and inspire others to create their own.
- Define/Differentiate the following with suitable examples:
a) Values vs Virtues:-
A virtue is a characteristic of a person which supports individual moral excellence and collective well being. Virtues are high moral actions which society, religion and sometime we ourselves want to achieve as an individual. For instance In Ramayana Virtue expected from a king is honesty, truthfulness, rectitude(Maryada), care for subjects etc.
Value or Value system is notion a society has about ideal behaviour. Like Indian value system asks one to respect elders.
If values are the goal, virtues are the way to get there. Value system are like rules unlike Virtues which are actions.
In other words, values reflect what is acceptable in terms of culture, but virtues reflect individual human characteristics
b) Public values vs Private values:-
Public value describes the value that an organization contributes to society. The concept of public value refers to whatever is actually undertaken and produced by agencies utilising public resources (that is, their inputs, outputs and outcomes), in aiming to achieve collectively desired social outcomes. Recognising and reporting public value is a form of accountability in government.
Public values also define the person’s ability to assess right and wrong in public sphere as well and these are commonly oriented towards the benefit of the society.
Private values are individuals belief in right and wrong which are mostly influenced by ones’s own experiences ,family relationships, culture ,etc.
c) Morality vs Ethics:-
Ethics and morals relate to “right” and “wrong” conduct. While they are sometimes used interchangeably, they are different: ethics refer to rules provided by an external source, e.g., codes of conduct in workplaces or principles in religions. Morals refer to an individual’s own principles regarding right and wrong.
|What are they?||The rules of conduct recognized in respect to a particular class of human actions or a particular group or culture||Principles or habits with respect to right or wrong conduct. While morals also prescribe dos and don’ts, morality is ultimately a personal compass of right and wrong.|
|Source||Social system – External||Individual-internal|
|Why do one do it?||Because society says it is the right thing to do.||Because we believe in something being right or wrong.|
|Flexibility||Ethics are dependent on others for definition. They tend to be consistent within a certain context, but can vary between contexts.||Usually consistent, although can change if an individual’s beliefs change.|
|A person strictly following Ethical Principles may not have any Morals at all. Likewise, one could violate Ethical Principles within a given system of rules in order to maintain Moral integrity.||A Moral Person although perhaps bound by a higher covenant, may choose to follow a code of ethics.|
d) Environmental values
Environmental values is the value system which includes humans along with non humans. They guide an individual to do their actions in conformity with the welfare of the environment. For instance environmental movements around the world uphold environmental values.
Environmental values have traits like compassion for other forms of life, empathy towards the needs of the future generation, taking responsibility to conserve nature etc.