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SYNOPSIS: Insights 70 Days Ethics Plan – Day – 4

SYNOPSIS

Insights 70 Days Ethics Plan 

Day – 4


  1. What do you understand by environmental ethics? Illustrate why environmental ethics is important in policymaking.  (150 Words)

Reference

Environmental ethics:-

Environmental ethics is a branch of ethics that studies the relation of human beings and the environment and how ethics play a role in this. Environmental ethics believe that humans are a part of society as well as other living creatures, which includes plants and animals.

According to nature.com Environmental ethics is a branch of applied philosophy that studies the conceptual foundations of environmental values as well as more concrete issues surrounding societal attitudes, actions, and policies to protect and sustain biodiversity and ecological systems.

Why environmental ethics is important in policymaking:-

  • Global warming, global climate change, deforestation, pollution, resource degradation, threat of extinction are few of the issues from which our planet is suffering. Environmental ethics are a key feature of environmental studies, that establishes relationship between humans and the earth.
  • Various international commitments have been registered in this century like Paris Agreement, Montreal protocol, Kyoto Protocol which have proven to be worth its name. Environmental ethics has formed the subject of basis from the developed countries to the developing countries.
  • To spread awareness about debilitating conditions of the environment
  • To ensure the rights of neglected communities like tribals are protected.
  • To ensure humans respect environment and have a healthier way of life by balancing environment and development.
  • Without focus on environment the consequences are drastic as the impact is on humans, animals and all living organisms leading to loss of life, biodiversity, economic strength of a nation etc.

Policies committed to a strong environmental ethic can make many lifestyle changes to significantly reduce their personal impact on the planet.


3) Define the following with suitable examples:

a) Justice:-

Justice is the theory by which fairness is administered. As with most philosophically-driven disciplines, the concept of justice differs in every culture. The principle of justice could be described as the moral obligation to act on the basis of fair adjudication between competing claims. As such, it is linked to fairness, entitlement and equality.

Keeping in view the various concept of justicejustice may be classified into certain kinds, namely – natural justice, economic justice social justice, political justice, legal justice, distributive justice and corrective justice.

b) Non-Cognitivism:

It is a position which denies that moral statements (or normative statements) can be propositions, and therefore concludes that they cannot be considered true or false.

Emotivism is one variety of non-cognitivism. It holds that the statements “you should be kind” and “murder is evil” are equivalent to saying “Yay, kindness!” and “Boo, murder!”. These statements express meaning non-cognitively, but are not propositions and do not have any truth value. Non-cognitivist views imply that moral knowledge is impossible, since there is no such thing as moral truth.

c) Impartiality:-

Impartiality is often regarded as central to morality. The requirement of impartiality means that everyone’s interests and needs should be given equal weight. For example, I need to demand the same from me as from others and I shouldn’t use double standards that benefit me or those close to me.

Both Kantian and utilitarian ethics regard impartiality as essential to morality.

d) Fairness:-

The concept of fairness is closely related to a number of other moral concepts, such as equality, impartiality, and justice. It centers on how people are treated by others, especially the requirement that they be treated alike, in the absence of significant differences between them.

The distinctive focus of fairness is decision-making processes or institutions that apply rules. For instance, in regard to the application of rules, a fair procedure is one that applies them similarly to all cases, unless there are strong reasons for making exceptions in particular cases. Accordingly, an examination is graded fairly when all papers are judged by the same standards.