Topic– Environmental impact assessment
4) Discuss the EIA guidelines for construction projects in India? Examine whether they need to be made more stringent in light of the recent protests in Delhi against the cutting down of trees?(250 words)
Why this question
The article explores two important threads of thought – the changed nature of environmental movements where urban citizens are taking the lead and the lax EIA norms for construction activities. Since EIA is a topic in GS3, this question becomes important.
Key demand of the question
The question first asks us to mention the EIA guidelines, particularly the lacunae in them. Examine whether the kind of changes being proposed would aggravate or address the problem. Discuss the need of a paradigm shift to take environmental concerns seriously by strengthening eia procedure.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight the protests in Delhi and the questions that it raises.
- Mention that clearances for such projects were given. Discuss the EIA guidelines regarding construction projects
- Examine whether the changes under consideration would aggravate or address the issue. Bring out the perspective of need of construction for building low cost houses etc and the impact it has on environment.
- Discuss how can the norms be strengthened to reconcile both objectives.
Conclusion – Conclude your answer by emphasizing on the importance of tackling this in light of the heightened citizen awareness regarding environmental concerns.