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3) Moving forward on the path to electrifying mobility in India is a complex issue and requires many precautions to be taken. Critically Analyze.(250 words)

TopicScience and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

3) Moving forward on the path to electrifying mobility in India is a complex issue and requires many precautions to be taken. Critically Analyze.(250 words)

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Why this question

The question is related to GS-3 syllabus under the following heading –

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to look deeply into the issue of the goals and plans to increase electrical mobility in India. We have to look into all the aspects of the issue and discuss what precautions should be taken before moving forward.

Directive word

Critically analyse- we have to dig deep into the issue and identify, briefly discuss the key aspects of the question. We have to bring out the need to take certain precautions before deciding and pursuing our goals in relation to increase electrical mobility in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the recent targets as indicated by NITI Aayog i.e 40% of personal vehicles and public transportation in the country should go completely electric by 2030.

Body-

  1. Discuss why precautions need to be taken before pursuing such a target.E.g lack of infrastructure, the dominance of public transport as a source of air pollution, a high number of two-wheelers in the country, high cost of EVs etc.
  2. Discuss in points what precautions should be taken.

e.g prioritize public transport and two-wheelers, need to provide some subsidy, adopting swap battery model instead of charging model which is more suited to Indian conditions, demonstrate and learn from the experience in selected smart cities and then increase the ambit of the programme etc.

Conclusion– mention that a step-by-step approach is required as the ecosystem for electric vehicles develops gradually, alternative models are pursued, and learnings from experience accrue. You can also better make your own conclusion based on your discussion and arguments.