Topic –Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the
performance of these schemes
3) Despite the increase in per capita income levels over time, the problem of malnutrition persists in India. Examine the schemes of the government to tackle malnutrition and the way forward? (250 words)
Why this question
The article paints a dire picture of the number of children in India in the throes of malnutrition. This problem off late has received a lot of attention with several reports flagging the issue. Thus this topic is important for mains.
Key demand of the question
The first part of the question expects us to flag the issue of malnutrition and why it deserves immediate attention. Thereafter we need to analyze the performance of the governmental schemes aimed at targeting malnutrition and whether all of them address the root causes of the issue. We also have to give suggestions to address this challenge in a better way.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .
Structure of the answer
Introduction – State the findings of UN’s State of Food Security and Nutrition and NFHS and highlight the plight of malnourished children.
- Discuss why malnutrition persists despite development in the relatively well off states like Maharashtra.
- Highlight some of the key government programmes which target malnutrition such as Nutri Farms scheme, ICDS, Sabla, NFSA etc. Analyze the ways in which they seek to address the issue and whether the root cause of the problem is being taken care of.
- Discuss the way forward
Conclusion – Emphasize the need for tackling malnutrition and your view on how we should go about it.