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5) Health infrastructure is an important indicator for understanding the health care delivery provisions and welfare mechanism in a country. Critically analyze, in the light of the findings of National Health Profile- 2018. (250 words)

TopicDevelopment processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

5) Health infrastructure is an important indicator for understanding the health care delivery provisions and welfare mechanism in a country. Critically analyze, in the light of the findings of National Health Profile- 2018. (250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

CBHI has recently released the annual National Health Profile for the year 2018. The report throws light on the state of health infrastructure in the country. The issue is related to GS-2 syllabus under the following heading –

Development processes and the development industry- the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to bring out the overall importance of a robust and efficient health infrastructure for a country/ society. It wants us to highlight the status of health infrastructure in India as revealed by the NHP-2018. Thus we have to correlate both the aspects and discuss what should be done in this regard.

Directive word

Critically analyze- we have to dig deep into the question, identify and deliberate upon its key demands. Based on our discussion, we have to form a personal opinion in the form of a way-forward.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Briefly discuss the performance of India globally, in terms of various health/ socio-economic parameters like HDI, Hunger index, TB, Malnourishment, IMR, MMR etc. Also mention that poor health infrastructure is one of the most critical factor hampering India’s development and constitutional goals.

Body-

  • Bring out the overall status of health infrastructure in the country as depicted by NHP-2018.  E.g Educational infrastructure vs service infrastructure; increase in no. of medical and dental colleges, lack of hospitals including mental hospitals and blood banks in the country, south vs north difference in infrastructure etc.
  • Discuss what should be done in this regard; e.g increasing health spending by the govt, increase private sector participation and investment, proper insurance policies, improve basic  infrastructure to make it attractive for private sector participation, medical tourism, open date etc.

Conclusion– mention the Ayushman Bharat scheme and other such schemes, which need to be consolidated, backed by adequate resources and periodically revised in order to achieve the SDGs.

 

CategoriesINSIGHTS