Topic – Salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
1)The Chola State during the imperial period (850-1200) was marked for its uniqueness and innovativeness. Comment.(250 words)
Why this question
The issue is indirectly related to GS- 1 syllabus under the following heading-
salient aspects of Art Forms, Literature and Architecture from ancient to modern times.
Key demand of the question.
The question wants us to bring out the uniqueness and innovativeness of the Chola empire during the imperial period (850-1200). We have to dig deep into the socio-economy and polity of the Chola state during the said period and form our answer accordingly.
Comment- We have to express our knowledge and understanding of the issue and based on our discussion we have to form a concise opinion on the issue. Our discussion should present justification in the form of arguments/ facts as a stand to our opinion.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – mention that the Chola dynasty was one of the longest-ruling dynasties in the history of southern India which has left a lasting legacy behind. Vijayalaya was the founder of the Imperial Chola dynasty which was the beginning of one of the most splendid empires in Indian history.
Body– Discuss in points the innovations and uniqueness of Chola empire
E.g King’s orders were recorded in great detail in the inscriptions, usually on the walls of temples. A special type of official recorded the oral orders immediately on palm leaf manuscripts; A powerful bureaucracy assisted the king in the tasks of administration and in executing his orders and was well organized than in other contemporary states; careful balance between central control and local independence was maintained and non-interference in local government was sacrosanct ( local self government was born); constant audit and scrutiny of bureaucrats and other officials; revenue records were carefully maintained records of land rights, based on complete enquired and accurate surveys, and were kept up-to-date by regular surveys; Village assemblies exercised large powers in deciding local disputes. Small committees called Nyayattar heard matters that did not come under the jurisdiction of the voluntary village committees. The punishments in most cases were in the form of donations to the temples or other endowments etc.
Conclusion– form a fair, balanced and a concise conclusion on the overall issue, in accordance with the above-held discussion.