Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
4) The UN SDG 2018 report calls for accelerated actions and a profound change that goes beyond business as usual. Analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The UN SDG form an important development agenda for all the countries of the world. Their progress is important as far as need for revision/ evaluation and UPSC exam is concerned. The issue is related to GS -2 syllabus under the following heading-
Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.
Key demand of the question.
the question wants us to discuss the findings of the UN SDG report, 2018 and bring out the need therefrom, of accelerated action in order to successfully achieve all the SDGs by 2030.
Analyze- we have to identify all the key aspects of the question- what are the findings of the report and why there is a need for accelerated actions and profound change that goes beyond business as usual. We have to discuss the issues individually while maintaining a coherence between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduction– Mention that The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), otherwise known as the Global Goals, are a universal call to action ( in the form of 17 goals) to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity.
- Discuss in points the findings of the UN SDG report, 2018. E.g rise in hunger, rising water stress, environmental pollution, climate change and land-use associated land degradation, decreased child marriage incidence in India etc.
- Discuss the associated goals with the findings- e.g eliminating hunger and poverty, clean water and sanitation, responsible consumption and production, climate action etc.
Conclusion– mention the need for accelerated actions and closer cooperation between countries and stakeholders under the purview of goal 17 of SDG- partnership for goals.