Topic -Disaster and disaster management.
6) Storms are the new normal for India and provide several lessons for disaster preparedness. Examine(250 words)
Why this question
With the number of deaths due to sandstorms crossing 50, and northern India bearing the brunt of excessive sandstorms, environmentalists such as Sunita Narain have analyzed the nature of these storms and held that they are going to be a recurring feature. This makes it necessary for disaster management agencies to learn lessons and be better prepared for future.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to first explain the reasons behind the spate of storms in India and explain why it may become a regular occurrence in India. Thereafter, highlight how it led to huge number of deaths and the lessons that ought to be learnt from a disaster management point of view. Highlight the changes required in our strategy to stay better prepared for any eventuality.
Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic, get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . In this question, examine the causes of the storm, impact on disaster management in terms of lesson learnt and changes required.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Highlight why this topic is in news.
Body – Explain the reasons for storm both natural as well as anthropogenic factors. Examine whether it is indeed going to be a recurring feature in India’s climate. Thereafter discuss the impact of the storm on life and property in brief and emphasize on the lessons that ought to be learnt from this storm, just as we learnt lessons for dealing with heat waves. Finally, bring out the changes required in our disaster management strategy that would enable us to better deal with such sand storms in the future by mitigating loss of life and property.
Conclusion – Summarize the views expressed above and emphasize on the need for charting a strategy.