Topic –Internal Security
6) Kashmir has proven to be an intractable challenge for the Indian state and requires a fresh strategy. Critically analyze.(250 words)
Why this question
The recent spate of killings in the valley has again demonstrated how fragile peace in the valley is. Considering that the situation has shown no signs of improvement, critical analysis of the policy of Indian state in Kashmir is required.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to explain the status quo in Kashmir. Thereafter, we need to mention the current strategy of dealing with the issue. The pros and cons of the strategy are to be mentioned and what kind of fresh thinking is required needs to be mentioned.
Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – highlight the recent killing of a noted journalist and the rise of militancy in Kashmir and point to the fact that situation in Kashmir has only worsened with time.
Body – Mention the new challenges that have arose in Kashmir – ground unrest, youth getting disillusioned by the idea of militancy in huge numbers, mass agitation in the form of stone pelting etc. Mention how the Government is dealing with the issue – excess of stick and less of carrot. Highlight the pros and cons of this strategy. Thereafter analyze what kind of new thinking is required – focus on the fact that more of carrot policy is required.
Conclusion – Mention your view on the present strategy employed by the government in Kashmir. Discuss the way forward for dealing with kashmir issue.