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4) Discuss the structure, mandate and functions performed by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.(250 words)

Topic:Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

4) Discuss the structure, mandate and functions performed by United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees.(250 words)

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Why this question

With increasing migration and displacement of people due to conflicts world over, the role of UNHCR has been recently criticized. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Important International institutions, agencies and fora- their structure, mandate.

Key demand of the question.

The question is straightforward. It simply wants us to discuss in detail about the structure of UNHCR, what is it’s mandate, what functions it performs.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to be exhaustive and write in detail about the key demand of the question- structure, mandate and functions.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Give an account of the formation of UNHCR after world war 2.

BODY

 

  • Discuss the structure of UNHCR- e.g The UN General Assembly elects High Commissioner every five years. High Commissioner is supported by the ‘Executive Committee to the High Commissioner’s Programme’ and he or she has to make annual reports to the UN General Assembly and needs to follow their directives.

 

  • Mandate-discuss the concept of, persons of concern and elaborate it to cover the mandate of the organization.
  • Functions- mention all the functions performed by UNHCR-.

 

 

Conclusion– Mention the need for greater support, enhanced mandate and more accountability for making UNHCR more effective as an organization.