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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 JUNE 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 11 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic:Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

1) Discuss the role of women in farming in India. Also, discuss the problems faced by women farmers in India.(250 words) 

Reference

Why this question

Women form the major agricultural workforce and increased rural-urban migration has resulted in further feminization of agriculture. India’s socio-economic structures and institutions further worsen their situation. The issue is related to GS1 syllabus under the following heading-

Salient features of Indian Society, Diversity of India.

Role of women and women’s organization, population and associated issues, poverty and developmental issues, urbanization, their problems and their remedies.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to bring forward the role of women in agriculture in India, discuss their contribution and also write in detail about the problems faced by women farmers in India.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about both the aspects of the question- role played and problems faced.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention some statistics related to involvement of women in agriculture in India.

Body-

  • Discuss the agricultural and livestock related activities dominated by women farmers generally, increased migration and involvement of women in farming activities etc.
  • Discuss the problems faced by them. E.g lack of ownership and control over land,  lack of access to credit, lack of knowledge and skills etc.

Conclusion– Form a concise, fair and a balanced opinion and suggest the way forward based on your discussion.


TOPIC: India and its bilateral relations

2) Analyze the strategic content in India’s Act East Policy?(250 words) 

Reference

Reference

 

Why this question

Indo Pacific is the hub of geopolitics. 21st century is widely perceived to be Asian century and various countries in Asia and around the world are recalibrating their foreign policy to gain strategic advantage. India’s Act East Policy is very important in this regard.

Key demand of the question

The question is focussing specifically on the strategic angle in India’s Act East policy. Thus, the overall strategic content of Act East Policy as well as the strategic content of India’s relationship with other countries of ASEAN needs to be brought out. Along with that, how should India utilize it’s Act East Policy to gain greater strategic advantage needs to be analyzed.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Explain India’s Act East Policy.

Body

  • Discuss the strategic angle in India’s Act East Policy.
  • Focus on the individual countries in ASEAN and analyze how Act East Policy can be utilised to gain greater strategic foothold in the region
  • Examine the threats related to security that India faces in the region.
  • Analyze how India can better make use of its policy

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced summary of the arguments made above and paint a way forward for Indian foreign policy.

 


Topic:  Effect of policies and politics of developed and developing countries on India’s
interests, Indian Diaspora.

3) Trace the developments that led to the collapse of the Soviet Union.(250 words)

 

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to identify the major events that led to the collapse of USSR and the reason behind the same- what were the reasons behind those events and which instigated the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Describe the macro picture when the disintegration of Soviet Union took place.

Body

  • Trace the developments which led to the disintegration like – crisis in socialist block, fall of Berlin wall, economic and political reforms, coup, opposition to coup etc
  • Trace the major reasons like economic weaknesses, structural reforms, nationalism etc

Conclusion – Discuss the impact that the disintegration had on the world and on Russia.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Challenges to Internal security

4) Discuss the role of SFIO in tackling white collar crimes? Examine its weaknesses?(250 words)

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Why this question

As our economy develops, white collar crimes see a steep increase. Off late, several instances of corporate fraud such as Nirav Modi case etc has come to the limelight. SFIO is an organisation whose mandate is to deal with such white collar crimes. It’s importance has increased in recent times and thus needs to be studied in detail.

Key demand of the question

The question is quite straightforward in its demand. It expects us to detail out the role of SFIO, its powers, it’s mandate, why the role of SFIO is critical for the economy. Thereafter, we have to bring out the challenges it works under and the way forward.

Directive word

Discuss – The overall role, legal framework, mandate, impact etc has to be brought out.

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the fact that with more formalization and regulations in the economy, white collar crimes see an increase. This brings into focus the role of organisations like SFIO.

Body

  • Detail out the role of SFIO, its mandate, the legal provisions, its modus operandi, the impact its role has
  • Thereafter bring out the weaknesses that SFIO suffers from – inter agency coordination, shortage of manpower etc
  • Also mention the way forward

Conclusion – Highlight the importance of organizations like SFIO and the critical role they play in maintaining a stable economy. Mention the need for addressing their issues.

 


Topic – Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

5) Critically examine the idea of predicting food price inflation through online prices  in India.(250 words)

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Why this question

Food price inflation is an important issue in Indian economy. With increasing stress on e-Governance, smart cities, internet of things, big data and online transactions, the idea of predicting food price inflation through online prices in India has been flouted. The issue is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to discuss the possibility of using online prices for predicting food price inflation in India. We have to dig deep into the issue and see the general modality as well as mention its advantages and limitations.

Directive word

Critically examine- We have to dig deep into the issue and discuss the implications in the sense that we have to discuss the advantages of the given method as well as mention its limitations. We also have to form a personal opinion on the whole issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the present method and agency of data collection, for predicting food price inflation in India.

Body-

  1. Discuss the growing digital footprint and increased volume of online transactions in India which call for using online transactions for predicting food inflation in India. Discuss which items can be used as representative etc.
  2. Discuss the advantages of such an action.

e.g data collection is quicker, cheaper, and more efficient than conventional methods. data can be obtained much more frequently,  the quantum of data is often large and the quality better, since it circumvents the possibilities of human error etc.

  1. Discuss the limitations of such an action.

e.g lack of empirical research, most of the online transactions are city-based and hence will not reflect rural realities etc.

Conclusion– Mention your personal opinion e.g there is need for more empirical evidence before taking a call on such a decision etc.

 


Topic: Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

6) Discuss some of the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and examine their role in the present situation in India.(250 words)

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Although modern water conservation and harvesting techniques/ technologies are gaining prominence world over, the importance of traditional water conservation techniques is not overrated. The same conviction has been reiterated in several studies. The question is related to GS3 syllabus under the following heading-

Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to simply describe some of the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and examine their role in the current water scenario in India.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all encompassing directive which directs us to write at length about both the aspects of the question- Describe the traditional water conservation structures/ techniques and bring out the role of these structures/ techniques in the present context in India.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the need to conserve water, given the prospects of severe water shortages across many parts of the country, exacerbated by the climate change and growing population.

Body-

  • Discuss in points, various traditional  water conservation structures/ techniques found across the country. E.g  Jarukattu, Neeruganti system, Kattas, step-wells, Bavadis, dhamasha system etc. Take the help of the attached articles and other sources to frame your answer.
  • Bring out the need for revival of traditional water conservation structures/ techniques in the wake of growing water scarcity, inherent advantages of traditional structures like low cost, more adapted to local condition, community knowledge and participation is evoked etc.

Conclusion– Bring out a fair, balanced and concise opinion on the overall desirability of traditional water conservation/ harvesting techniques/ structures.

 


Topic:Infrastructure: Energy, Ports, Roads, Airports, Railways etc. Investment models.

7) Cooperative energy generation may present one of the most viable and self-sustaining solutions for rural communities.Discuss, in the light of India‘s universal electrification achievement.(250 words) 

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Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to analyse India‘s universal electrification achievement and identify its deficiencies/ what more needs to be done. It then wants us  to discuss how Cooperative energy generation may present one of the most viable and self-sustaining solutions for rural communities in India.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the key demand of the question- what more needs to be done after universal electrification and feasibility/ desirability of cooperative energy generation.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Discuss the meaning of cooperative energy generation and mention the examples of countries where it has been successfully implemented.

Body

  • Mention India’s universal electrification achievement, low per-capita consumption, very low threshold for defining an electrified village, lack of physical access/ connection and economic capacity to buy electricity and bring out the imperative to increase physical and economic access to electricity.
  • Discuss the advantages of cooperative electricity generation. E.g better management, better resource utilization, higher revenue generation/ collection etc.

Conclusion- Mention the need for low cost long term financing and need for outside vigil on the management etc. and other steps that should be taken.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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