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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 JUNE 2018

[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 09 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the
present- significant events, personalities, issues.

1) What is meant by nonalignment? Why did most of the newly independent countries follow this policy?(250 words) 

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to provide our understanding of non alignment – what it means, how was it practiced, its advantages and disadvantages. Thereafter we need to describe why many newly independent countries followed the path of non alignment.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly tell the history of non alignment. Mention Bandung Conference and the founding member.

Body – Explain non alignment along with the aspects highlighted above. Thereafter, your answer should focus on why countries chose non alignment.

Conclusion – Describe the impact this policy had on the countries and the world.


TOPIC:Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country

2)The political history of India since independence shows that electoral victory matters more than political ideology. Analyze. (250 words) 

Indian express

 

Why this question

The present political situation where the opposition is combining against a hegemonic government is very similar to what India has experienced several times in its post independent history. Thus this question is important for history of post independent India.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to analyze India’s post independent history and give those instances where a diverse group of parties combined against a mighty political adversary. We need to analyze whether those alliances were solely based on securing electoral victory or had some deeper reason behind them.

Directive word

Analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Briefly paint a politically neutral picture of the present political status quo and highlight that such instances had happened in the past as well.

Body

  • Discuss the instances when several opposition parties combined to defeat a political heavyweight.
  • Analyze whether those alliances were just to secure electoral victories or had contextual reasons for coming together.
  • Analyze whether such political experiments were successful

Conclusion – briefly describe the impact such alliances would have on democracy and polity of India.


Topic: Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country. Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

3)Discuss the role played by Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad in the freedom struggle of India.(250 words)

pib

wikipedia

Why this question

M.A Azad, India’s first education minister established the education foundation in India and played an important role in India’s freedom struggle. His birthday is celebrated as Teacher’s day in India. The issue is related to GS1 syllabus under the following heading-

Modern Indian history from about the middle of the eighteenth century until the present- significant events, personalities, issues

The Freedom Struggle – its various stages and important contributors /contributions from different parts of the country.

Post-independence consolidation and reorganization within the country.

Key demand of the question.

The question wants us to write at length about the role played by M.A Azad in nation building and in the freedom struggle of India. We have to highlight his thoughts, achievements, pursuits etc in this direction.

Directive word

Discuss- This is an all-encompassing directive which means that we have to be as exhaustive as possible in addressing the key demand of the question. But we have to be concise and specific at the same time.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention that Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad was an Indian scholar and the senior Muslim leader of the Indian National Congress etc.

Body

Discuss in points the role played by M.A Azad in building the nation and in India’s freedom struggle.

E.g Azad became the leader of the Khilafat Movement, and came into close contact with the Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi. Azad supported the  ideas of nonviolent civil disobedience, and worked to organise the non-cooperation movement in protest of the 1919 Rowlatt Acts. Azad committed himself to Gandhi’s ideals, including promoting Swadeshi (indigenous) products and the cause of Swaraj for India. He became the youngest person to serve as the President of the Indian National Congress etc.

Be as exhaustive and concise as possible in your answer.

Conclusion– Form a balanced and a fair opinion on the overall persona of M. A Azad and his contribution to the nation.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Issues related to direct and indirect farm subsidies and minimum support prices

4)The crises of sugar industry provides an opportunity for bolder reforms that those undertaken by the government, to permanently resolve the issues faced by sugar industry. Critically examine. (250 words)

Financial express

Why this question

The government has recently come out with an 8000 crore package to resolve the issues faced by sugar industry. We need to do a critical examination of the reforms undertaken to understand whether they will solve the issues with finality or not.

Key demand of the question

The question requires us to highlight the issues faced by the sugar industry in brief, analyze whether the steps taken by government would help, or some bolder alternative is required. Our view is also solicited which should tell what the way forward should be.

Directive word

Critically examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any . When ‘critically’ is suffixed or prefixed to a directive, all you need to do is look at the good and bad of something and give a fair judgement.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention that sugar industry is under crisis and government has come up with an 8000 crore package. The effectiveness of these measures need to be examined.

Body

  • Briefly discuss the issues being faced by the industry, to resolve which the government has taken steps. Here also mention the ICRIER study.
  • Mention the overall sense of the steps taken by the government. Examine its pros and cons. Mention the problems that would emerge out of the implementation of steps decided by the government which will again lead to the same issues.
  • Discuss some other alternative which can help solve the problems of sugar farmers and the lack of financial viability of sugar mills. Examine whether the Model Contract Farming Act would help

Conclusion – Present a fair and balanced view which mentions the way forward.

 


Topic Indian Economy – Issues

5) What are Ponzi schemes? Examine why they are considered as such a big menace? Discuss the provisions of Banning of Unregulated Deposit Schemes Bill, 2018?(250 words)

The hindu

Why this question

Ponzi schemes are often in news. FM in his budget speech had put special emphasis on Ponzi schemes and curbing it’s menace. Hence, understanding Ponzi scheme , it’s impacts along with provisions of the newly introduced bill is important.

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to describe what Ponzi schemes are along with the reason why they are considered to be such a huge menace. We also need to discuss the overall sense of the newly introduced bill to curb Ponzi schemes.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any.

Discuss – Briefly explain the sense of the provisions of the Bill.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the emphasis placed on curbing Ponzi schemes in the budget speech.

Body

  • Describe what Ponzi schemes are
  • Examine the adverse impact they have on society, economy, polity etc.
  • Discuss what the government is trying to achieve through this bill. Examine the key principles and provisions of the bill.

Conclusion – End your answer by bringing out that overall regulatory infrastructure to control Ponzi schemes should be strengthened and this bill is a good starting point.


Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6) What do you understand by Direct Sorbent Injection Technology (DSI). Discuss its advantages and feasibility for Indian industry.(250 words) 

Reference

Reference

Why this question

Given the anticipated increase in coal consumption in India, the issue of reducing particulate matter pollution becomes more pertinent. Recently National Thermal Power Corporation (NTPC)’s Dadri Power Plant is opting for a Dry Sorbent Injection (DSI) system for controlling sulphur dioxide (SO2) emissions and ensuring compliance with the 2015 environmental norms within the stipulated deadline. The technology has many advantages over flue gas desulphurisation (FGD). The issue is related to GS3c syllabus under the following heading-

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life

Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Key demand of the question.

The question simply wants us to describe the meaning and key aspects of DSI. It then wants us to  discuss the advantages as well as feasibility of the DSI in the Indian mileu.

Directive word

Discuss- we have to write in detail about the DSI technology, what are its advantages vis a vis other technologies, whether there are any issues involved etc. We have to be as exhaustive as possible while staying within the word limit.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Give a brief definition of the DSI and the recent introduction of the technology by NTPC.

Body-

  • Bring out the imperative of controlling SO2 emissions in the wake of increasing coal consumption for electricity generation.
  • Discuss the DSI technology further. Describe its working/ principles.
  • Discuss in points the advantages of the technology. E.g lower capital cost, wide range of favourable operation conditions, and much lesser time for completing installation and commissioning, reduces emissions of other acidic gases and heavy metals like mercury.

Conclusion- mention the issues associated with the technology (e.g high operational costs etc) and form a balanced opinion on the overall feasibility of the technology vis a vis India.

 


General Studies – 4


 

Topic:Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

7) What are the ethical issues posed by Artificial intelligence. Discuss (250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

Although the question has been already discussed, the  article attached to the question caters to the issue more holistically. The issue is also very important for exam perspective. It is related to GS $ syllabus under the following heading-

Ethics and Human Interface: Essence, determinants and consequences of Ethics in human actions; dimensions of ethics; ethics in private and public relationships. Human Values – lessons from the lives and teachings of great leaders, reformers and administrators; role of family, society and educational institutions in inculcating values.

Key demand of the question.

The question simply wants us to describe and explain the issues associated with AI technology. We have to write in detail about those issues and be as comprehensive as possible.

Directive word

Discuss- We have to write at length about the ethical issues posed by AI technology. We should discuss the maximum number of issues and analyse the issue from all possible ethical angles.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Give a brief description of the nature and rise in research, potential applications and gradual adoption of AI technologies in our lives.

Body

Discuss in points, the ethical issues posed by AI technologies.

E.g unemployment, inequality, human behaviour, artificial stupidity, Ai bias, need for AI security, AI rights etc.

Conclusion– form a fair and a balanced conclusion and bring out an overall impression of AI technology and suggest necessary safeguards to be put in place to minimise the cons of AI technology.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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