6) Community management of groundwater reserves is critical to mitigate challenges related to groundwater. Discuss in light of Atal Bhujal Yojana that aims to employ the above means to achieve its end. (250 words)
Why this question
Water is a critical resource whose shortage is impacting common man to farmers to industries. As water woes increase, new ways and global cooperation to ensure its sound management is bring focussed upon. The above Yojana , approved by WB seeks to address groundwater issues through community based management. Understanding what it is and how can it help in improving groundwater management is critical.
Key demand of the question
The question expects us to highlight the status quo of groundwater in the country, the details of Atal Bhujal Yojana and how community based management can help in addressing this crisis.
Discuss – This is an all-encompassing directive – you have to debate on paper by going through the details of the issues concerned by examining each one of them. You have to give reasons for both for and against arguments.
Structure of the answer
Introduction – Establish that groundwater shortage is a key problem , highlight the finding of some key report to emphasize on the point and the necessity of innovative interventions.
- Discuss the status quo of groundwater reserves in the country along with the issues that ails them.
- Bring out the major aims and mechanism of Atal Bhujal Yojana . Point out the focus on community based water management.
- Discuss what community based management of water reserves is and how it will help in addressing the issues. Discuss case studies from TN, AP, Gujarat where such measures have been a success. Also highlight the limitations.
Conclusion – emphasize on the criticality of water resulted issues and the need for urgent intervention.