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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 JUNE 2018

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[Insights Secure – 2018] Daily UPSC Mains Answer Writing Practice: 04 JUNE 2018

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LIST of TOPICS (Static)

REVISION TIMETABLE FOR PRELIMS – 2018 

Revision Tests


General Studies – 1


TOPIC: Political philosophies like communism, Capitalism, socialism etc, their forms and
effect on the society.

1) In Russia, Lenin was the father of socialism, organiser of the revolution and the founder of the new Russian society. Examine.(250 words) 

Reference

Key demand of the question

The question basically asks us to examine the role played by Lenin during the course of the Russian revolution, post the Russian revolution in laying down the foundation of Russia society and polity. in terms of his political philosophy, how he turned implemented his interpretation of Marxism in his country and what it entailed.

Directive word

Examine – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Mention the situation in Russia prior to revolution and that Lenin channeled the anger prevailing amongst the people of USSR.

Body

  • Highlight how Lenin organised the Bolshevik Party and played a key role in Russian revolution
  • Thereafter focus on his political philosophy. Highlight that like Marx he denigrated private property and took steps to abolish it, believed that state should be at the forefront of economic activity and ensure equality of outcomes – highlight how.
  • Post analyzing, Lenin’s version of socialism, highlight the changes he brought in Russian society. Here your points should encompass all dimensions like changes brought in economy, society, education, award of Mother Heroine which reflected his view on women etc

Conclusion – Discuss the overall impact Lenin had on Russian history.

 


General Studies – 2


 

TopicWelfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

2) Instead of the present penalizing approach, there is a need to build the social and economic capacities of the state, which would care for its poor and marginalised citizens. Discuss, in the light of anti-begging laws in India.(250 words)

Epw

 

Why this question

Begging is viewed as an unwanted social phenomenon and most of the Indian states have anti-begging laws in place. However, the problem of begging is not well interpreted by the society and the government. Begging(by large) is not a result of syndicates or organised gangs but of many socio-economic realities, neglected by us. The question is related to GS 2 syllabus under the following heading-

Welfare schemes for vulnerable sections of the population by the Centre and States and the performance of these schemes; mechanisms, laws, institutions and Bodies constituted for the protection and betterment of these vulnerable sections.

Issues relating to development and management of Social Sector/Services relating to Health, Education, Human Resources.

Issues relating to poverty and hunger.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to write in detail about the inadequacies/ limitations of the present legal mechanism in place to deal with the problem of begging in India.  The question wants us to write at length about the need to build the social and economic capacity of the state to eradicate begging.

Directive word

Discuss- this is an all-encompassing directive, which commands us to write in detail about the limitations of the prevalent legal mechanism aimed at eradicating begging. We have to bring out the need for building the social and economic capacity of the state in order to handle the problem.

Structure of the answer

Introduction- mention that around 20 States and union territories in India have put in place anti-begging laws.

Body

  1. Discuss in points the limitations/ negative points about the present mechanism to deal with begging. ( e.g they go against the grain of due process rights and are specifically in violation of Articles 19(1)(a) and 21 of the Constitution, summary punishments are given without any recourse to legal help or capacity building, arrests are made arbitrarily and affect the social and economic capacity of not only the arrested person but also his family/ dependents which are forced into begging, leaving school, sexual exploitation etc.).
  2. Discuss why there is a need for an alternate strategy and for building the social and economic capacity of the state to deal with the problem. ( e.g the present mechanism does not try to understand the reasons behind begging but penalises a person for being who they are and not what they have done, Article 38 of the Constitution provides that the state shall secure a social order for the promotion of the welfare of the people. Entry nine in the State List of the Seventh Schedule of the Constitution makes “the relief of the disabled and unemployable” a state subject; the phenomena of begging to be mainly a result of  large gangs of syndicates, earning huge money are misplaced, those involved in begging are in a highly vulnerable state and need protection and state’s as well as society’s support etc.)

Conclusion– briefly discuss the way forward (e.g understanding the problem better, improving beggars homes, reducing threshold for arrest and providing legal support to the accused, involving NGOs in this direction, sensitising the society about the problem , addressing inequalities in our society etc.).

 


Topic: Bilateral, regional and global groupings and agreements involving India and/or affecting India’s interests.

3) BIMSTEC is the “natural choices” for India to fulfil its foreign policy objectives in the neighbourhood towards the East. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Reference

 

Why this question

India’s neighbourhood is undergoing deep consternation on account of China’s increasingly assertive stand in South Asia, South China Sea, broader Indo Pacific and Bay of Bengal littorals. At a time when South Asian integration platform SAARC is in a state of limbo, India needs to focus on BIMSTEC as an organization which will yield geoeconomic, geostrategic and geopolitical benefits.

Key demand of the question

The question asks us to critically analyze whether BIMSTEC is like a natural partner for India in achieving her foreign policy objectives. Here natural means that both have complementarities of interest that will prove beneficial to both. In order to comprehensively do a critical analysis we need to bring out the foreign policy interests and rationale of engaging more with the East, the benefits that can accrue to india, the benefits that will accrue to other members of BIMSTEC by strengthening this grouping. Since we have to do a critical analysis, we also need to bring out how focussing on this grouping will not lead to any concrete benefits for either partners. Finally we need to provide our view based on arguments made above.

Directive word

Critically analyze – When asked to analyze, you  have to examine methodically the structure or nature of the topic by separating it into component parts and present them as a whole in a summary. You need to conclude with  a fair judgement, after analyzing the nature of each component part and interrelationship between them.

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight that regional cooperation in South Asia is abysmal. Illustrate how SAARC has failed to provide any concrete economic, infrastructural or political benefits. This should establish the need for reforging certain regional partnerships.

Body of the answer

  • Briefly provide an overview of the geopolitical realities of Asia Pacific and how different stakeholders are involved, which makes it necessary for India to showcase her skill at fast diplomacy.
  • Thereafter delve deeper into the benefits that India will get by deeper integration with its Eastern neighbours. Highlight the geoeconomic, geopolitical and geostrategic foreign policy objectives that India will be able to achieve.
  • Highlight how the relationship has mutual complementarities – trade, mutual security concerns, interest in maintaining freedom of navigation etc
  • Point out some of the weaknesses of this regional grouping which might cause issues in the future for this regional grouping.

Conclusion – provide your view on the assertion made in the question by summarising your arguments above. Mention how India should approach it’s relationship with BIMSTEC.

 


General Studies – 3


Topic – Technology missions

4) Discuss the dispute and legal progress on the Monsanto’s patent case? Examine Delhi HC’s decision’s impact on Indian agriculture?(250 words)

Reference

Financial express

Why this question

The recent decision of the Delhi HC on Monsanto’s patent plea for Bt Cotton is a landmark decision whose details must be known to us. Also the impact of the decision is important to be studied.

Key demand of the question

The question expects us to incorporate the following points in our answer.

  • Discuss the details of the case highlighting the reason behind it, the judgment, the legal provisions involved etc
  • Thereafter discuss the impact that the judgment will have on agriculture in general and seed availability in particular.

Directive word


Discuss – Here you need to provide an in depth analysis of the case from the causes, verdict to the legal provisions involved.

Examine  – When you are asked to examine, you have to probe deeper into the topic,  get into details, and find out the causes or implications if any .

Structure of the answer

Introduction – Highlight the verdict of the case and mention that it needs to be analyzed to understand the implications

Body

  • Discuss the details of the case highlighting the reason behind it, the controversy related to higher pricing , the judgment, the legal provisions involved and the impact of the verdict on patent law in India.
  • Highlight the impact that the verdict will have on India. Start off by pointing to the unfair patent practices that big seed companies like Monsanto utilize, but also highlight that seed technology in India needs to develop. Analyze how this verdict will impact that. Also examine the problems that it will cause for patent of India’s own gm seed.

Conclusion – Summarize your view and discuss what the next step of the government should be.


 

TopicAwareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

5) Keeping the interest of the citizens in mind, it is important to firm up a blueprint for price regulation of patented medicines in India. Critically analyze.(250 words)

Epw

Why this question

Pricing of patented medicines is a hotly debated topic in India. The unaffordable prices of patented medicines compromise equitable access to them and threaten the financial sustainability not only of patients but even that of the public health system. The question is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, robotics, nanotechnology, biotechnology and issues relating to intellectual property rights.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to dig deep into the drug pricing regime in India and bring out the need and implications of pricing of patented pharmaceuticals drugs in India.

Directive word

Critically analyse- We have to identify the main aspects of the question and frame our answer accordingly. Here we have to brainstorm on the pros and cons of regulated pricing of patented medicines in India while discussing the need and implications for such a step. We have to present our personal opinion on the issue.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– mention the National List of Essential Medicines, inserted as Schedule-I of the DPCO, which regulates (caps) the prices of essential medicines in India, and derives its powers from the essential commodities act, 1955.

Body-

  1. Bring out the need for/ pros of regulating the price of patented medicines in India (poor affordability of patients, high disease burden, exorbitant prices of patented drugs, forcing to enter into voluntary licensing, forcing to gain from economies of scale  etc.). Give examples of drugs which have entered into controversies/ litigation on account of their high prices (e.g Erlotinib, Sofosbuvir, Imatinib etc.
  2. Discuss the cons of regulating the price of patented medicines in India.

e.g high development costs of new drugs which need to be recovered, stifling of innovation, the risk of drastically reducing the supply of patented drugs etc.

  1. Mention India’s compliance to TRIPS agreement even after invoking the provision of compulsory licensing and denying evergreening of patents. Also, mention the sustainable development goals which affirm the right of developing countries to utilise the TRIPS agreement flexibilities to ensure access to new medicines for all.

Conclusion- Based on your convictions and the above-held discussion, form a fair and balanced opinion on the given issue


Topic: Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

6) What do you understand by Ensemble Production system. Discuss the advantages of its recent introduction in India.(250 words)

Why this question

The Ministry of Earth Sciences(MoES) has commissioned two very high resolution (12 km grid scale) state-of-the-art global Ensemble Prediction Systems (EPS) for generating operational 10-days probabilistic forecasts of weather. The issue is related to GS 3 syllabus under the following heading-

Science and Technology- developments and their applications and effects in everyday life
Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.

Key demand of the question

The question wants us to describe in detail the newly launched ensemble production system and also mention its advantages.

Directive word

Discuss- We have to write in detail about the given term/ technology and also enumerate its advantages.

Structure of the answer

Introduction– Mention the recent launch of the ensemble production system by IMD.

Body-

  • Describe the term further. Take the help of the articles attached with the question to frame your answer.
  • Mention the advantages of the system. e.g more accuracy and precision in forecasting, better decision making in weather forecasting, advanced data processing and assimilation etc.

Conclusion- Mention the importance of the technology for Indian farmers, agriculture and economy. Also mention its limitations to predict thunderstorms.

 



NOTE: 
We are giving hints for each question. Please use your creativity and originality to come up with answers that are unique to you. But do so without deviating from core demand of each question. Ultimately you should use your reason and judgement to write your own answer. 

We suggest you to Compliment Secure with Insights Daily Current Affairs to comprehensively cover Mains GS Syllabus

 

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